This UN Secretary-General's report on Afghanistan covers the period of March 2008-August 2008. It states, "The situation has become more challenging since March. The Secretary-General draws attention to the increase in attacks by anti-Government elements and their use of asymmetric tactics. Preparations for the voter registration process have progressed, as have counter-narcotics efforts, with a decrease being noted in opium cultivation and production. Particular attention is devoted to the increase in the number of civilian casualties, which are caused mainly by anti-Government activities but are also the unintended consequence of operations by pro-Government forces. The Secretary-Generalís assessment is that the humanitarian situation is worsening, and he emphasizes the seriousness of food insecurity in Afghanistan. Further, he describes reforms of the decision-making process of the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board and developments in the field of gender, governance and mine action. The operations of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan are described and observations set out regarding priorities for the Government of Afghanistan, the international community and the Mission over the coming months."