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Lusaka Protocol

Published October 20, 1994

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Protocol

Lusaka Protocol

This agreement to end civil war in Angola was signed in Lusaka, Zambia on November 20, 1994 by the Angolan government and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). It led to the signing of a cease-fire two days later, and the arrival of UN peacekeeping troops in 1995.


The Government of the Republic of Angola (GRA) and the "Uniao Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola" (UNITA);

With the mediation of the United Nations Organization, represented by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of
the United Nations in Angola, Mr. Alioune Blondin Beye;

In the presence of the Representatives of the Observer States of the Angolan peace process:

Government of the United States of America;
Government of the Russian Federation;
Government of Portugal;

Mindful of:

  • The need to conclude the implementation of the "Acordos de Paz para Angola" signed in Lisbon on 31 May 1991;
  • The need for a smooth and normal functioning of the institutions resulting from the elections held on 29 and 30 September 1992;
  • The need for the establishment of a just and lasting peace within the framework of a true and sincere national reconciliation;
  • The relevant resolutions of the United Nations Security Council,

Accept as binding the documents listed below, which constitute the Lusaka Protocol:

Annex 1: Agenda of the Angola Peace Talks between the Government and UNITA;

Annex 2: Reaffirmation of the acceptance, by the Government and UNITA, of the relevant legal instruments;

Annex 3: Military Issues - I;

Annex 4: Military Issues - II;

Annex 5: The Police;

Annex 6: National Reconciliation;

Annex 7: Completion of the Electoral Process;

Annex 8: The United Nations mandate and the role of the Observers of the "Acordos de Paz" and the Joint Commission;

Annex 9 & 10: Timetable for the implementation of the Lusaka Protocol; Others The Government of the Republic of Angola and the "Uniao Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola (UNITA)" solemnly undertake to do all in their power to respect and ensure respect for the spirit and the letter of the Lusaka Protocol.

The present Protocol, whose constituent documents were initialed at Lusaka, on 31 October 1994, by the heads of the Government and UNITA delegations, Messrs. Fernando Faustino Muteka and Eug»nio Ngola "Manuvakola," and by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Angola, Mr. Alioune Blondin Beye, was subsequently approved by the competent constitutional authorities of the Republic of Angola and by the competent statutory UNITA authorities and shall come into force immediately after its signature.