Primary Sources

PrintPrint EmailEmail ShareShare CiteCite


Declaration of the Establishment of the Arctic Council, 1996

Published September 19, 1996

With this agreement (also known as the Ottawa Declaration) the Arctic Council was established on September 19, 1996, by Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States. The Arctic Council is a forum to promote collaboration among the Arctic states, Arctic Indigenous communities, and other Arctic inhabitants on issues such as sustainable development and environmental protection.

The Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy of 1991 preceded the founding of the Arctic Council, but is one example of the coordination between the eight Arctic states.

More on This Topic


Defusing Lebanon's Powder Keg

Mohamad Bazzi interviewed by Deborah Jerome

Lebanon faces new sectarian violence, and tensions along its border with Israel threaten to boil over. CFR's Mohamad Bazzi says to help avert...


A Continued Political Stalemate

Author: Mohamad Bazzi
Washington Times

Deep seated sectarian differences are the root of political instability in Lebanon, writes Mohamad Bazzi.