"[R]ecently a new political openness within China itself has allowed a different picture of the war years to emerge. Chiang and Mao are long dead, and the Chinese government has been trying to claim a greater international role by reminding the world of the benefits of its past cooperation with the West."
At the same time that China has stated its desire for peace in Asia, the country has been making assertive claims over waters in the East and South China Seas. The confrontational rhetoric suggests, to many observers (and to China's uneasy neighbors in the Pacific region), a sense of pent-up entitlement, stemming from Beijing's growing importance in the world.
But another, little-remembered factor is also at play: China's lingering resentment that its contributions to the Allies' victory against Japan in World War II were never fully recognized and have yet to translate into political capital in the region.