The United States Trade Representative publishes this yearly report to Congress on "compliance
by the Peopleís Republic of China (China) with commitments made in connection with its accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), including both multilateral commitments and any bilateral commitments made to the United States."
The executive summary states, "Looking back on 2008, the many developments in the U.S.‐China trade relationship demonstrated that the Administrationís policy of serious dialogue and resolute enforcement is delivering real results. The United Statesí intensive dialogue with China generated positive outcomes on a number of contentious issues, while U.S. use of WTO dispute settlement continued to generate favorable settlements and favorable WTO panel decisions.
However, despite the progress achieved in 2008, several specific issues continued to cause particular concern for the United States and U.S. industry, given Chinaís WTO obligations. These outstanding issues arose in a range of areas, including principally intellectual property rights, industrial policies, trading rights and distribution services, agriculture and services, as discussed below under the heading of Priority Issues."