The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change entered into force in 1994. Parties to the convention have since met yearly at Conferences of the Parties to evaluate progress and development further guidelines. The Berlin Mandate is the result of the first Conference of the Parties, held in Berlin from March 28 – April 27, 1995. The declaration includes industrialized countries commitments to, through legally binding obligations, reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries were exempted from binding obligations. The Mandate laid the groundwork for the Kyoto Protocol.