Must Read

PrintPrint EmailEmail ShareShare CiteCite
Style:MLAAPAChicagoClose

loading...

ICG: Congo: A Comprehensive Strategy to Disarm the FDLR

Author: International Crisis Group
July 9, 2009

Share

This International Crisis Group report examines the failed attempts of the past to dismantle the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR)--an insurgency with roots that go back to the 1994 genocide in Rwanda--and recommends a new approach to help end great civilian suffering and restore state authority in the eastern Congo.

The joint Congo (DRC)-Rwanda military push against the Rwandan Hutu rebels has ended with scant results. Fifteen years after the Rwandan genocide and the establishment of those rebels in the eastern Congo, they have not yet been disarmed and remain a source of extreme violence against civilians. While they are militarily too weak to destabilise Rwanda, their 6,000 or more combatants, including a number of génocidaires, still present a major political challenge for consolidation of peace in the Great Lakes region. They must be disarmed and demobilised if the eastern Congo is to be stabilised.

That requires a new comprehensive strategy involving national, regional and international actors, with a clear division of labour and better coordination, so as to take advantage of the recent improvement of relations between the Congo and Rwanda, put an end to the enormous civilian suffering and restore state authority in the Congo's eastern provinces.

Full Text of Document

More on This Topic

Must Read

FP: Africa's Forever Wars

Author: Jeffrey Gettleman

Jeffrey Gettleman, East Africa bureau chief for the New York Times, examines African conflicts that have continued even without clear...

Audio

The Crisis in Congo (Audio)

Speakers: Anthony W. Gambino and Roger A. Meece
Presider: Philip Gourevitch

Experts examine the stability, security, risks, and quality of governance of the Democratic Republic of Congo since the 2006 elections, as...

Transcript

The Crisis in Congo

Speakers: Roger A. Meece and Anthony W. Gambino
Presider: Phillip Gourevitch

The panelists will provide an update on recent events in the Democratic Republic of the Congo as the country struggles with increasing...

Analysis Brief

Eastern Congo on the Brink

Author: Stephanie Hanson

Lawlessness in eastern Congo has reached a critical juncture. Analysts fear the crisis in the enormous country, which borders nine others,...