Contingency Planning Memorandum

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Crisis in the Congo

CPA Contingency Planning Memorandum No. 11

Author: , National Endowment for Democracy

Crisis in the Congo - crisis-in-the-congo

Publisher Council on Foreign Relations Press

Release Date May 2011


Crisis in the Congo describes the Democratic Republic of the Congo's near-term vulnerability to convulsive electoral violence and renewed rebellion on its periphery. In this Contingency Planning Memorandum, Joshua Marks argues that the most prudent steps the United States can take to reduce the likelihood of these contingencies are to increase coordinated international pressure on President Joseph Kabila not to compromise the legitimacy of the electoral process and to support a more robust UN presence during the electoral period. He recommends greater electoral oversight for the purpose of more effectively conditioning international support to the Congolese government and utilizing both incentives and increasingly stiff economic and diplomatic penalties in the event of destabilizing regime behavior.

More About This Publication

Joshua Marks is program officer for Central Africa at the National Endowment for Democracy, where he is responsible for the democracy and governance programs in eight countries. His recent assignments have included assessment missions in Rwanda, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Previously a consultant for Oxfam and Small Arms Survey in the Great Lakes region, Marks lived in eastern DRC from 2004 to 2005. He is a project principal with the Truman National Security Project and has also worked with a Congolese NGO and the U.S. Department of Defense. Marks speaks French, Swahili, and some Portuguese.

The views expressed in this Contingency Planning Memorandum do not reflect the views of the National Endowment for Democracy.

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