Transparency International produced this report; the exective summary states,
"Global Corruption Barometer 2007
After years of analytical work by Transparency International (TI) and others, there remains no doubt about the harmful effect of corruption on people's welfare. With the Global Corruption Barometer, TI goes one step further by evaluating how and where ordinary people feelcorruption's impact. The Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer (the Barometer) is a public opinion survey that has been administered around the world each year since 2003. The Barometer explores how corruption affects the daily lives of ordinary citizens, asking about the general public's attitudes toward corruption, the extent to which they believe corruption pervades public institutions, their experience with petty bribery and their sense of how the fight against corruption will fare in the future.
The Global Corruption Barometer 2007 interviewed 63,199 people in 60 countries and territories between June and September 2007. The Barometer survey was carried out on behalf of Transparency International by Gallup International Association as part of its Voice of the People Survey. The Global Corruption Barometer 2007 covers seven countries not included in the 2006 edition: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Ecuador, Ghana, Ireland, Lithuania and Vietnam.
Key findings in the Global Corruption Barometer 2007 are:
- The poor, whether in developing or highly industrialised countries, are the most penalised by corruption. They are also more pessimistic about the prospects for less corruption in the future.
- About 1 in 10 people around the world had to pay a bribe in the past year; reported bribery has increased in some regions, such as Asia-Pacific and South East Europe.
- Bribery is particularly widespread in interactions with the police, the judiciary and registry and permit services.
- The general public believe political parties, parliament, the police and the
judicial/legal system are the most corrupt institutions in their societies.
- Half of those interviewed - and significantly more than four years ago - expect corruption in their country to increase in the next three years, with some African countries the exception.
- Half of those interviewed also think that their government's efforts to fight corruption are ineffective."