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Global Memos

These briefs are a feature of the Council of Councils initiative, gathering opinions from global experts on major international developments. For older versions, visit the Global Roundups archive.

The Two Radical Sources of Instability in the Middle East

Aug 15, 2014

The turmoil in the Middle East points to the resurgence of ultra-radical factions of Islam, Sunni jihadist groups and their Shia counterparts, which exploit sectarian politics as a means to increase their political leverage and influence in the region. These factions, independent of their sectarian affiliations, present violent, expansionist, and distorted views of Islam, writes Ambassador Murat Özçelik, former undersecretary of public order and security in Turkey, former Turkish Ambassador to Baghdad, and former special envoy of Turkey to Iraq.

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The Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention Since Rwanda

Aug 6, 2014

In 1994, states failed to mount a humanitarian intervention to stop the massacre of eight-hundred thousand Tutsis and moderate Hutus at the hands of Hutu extremists in Rwanda. Reflecting on the twenty years since the Rwandan genocide, Fred Agwu of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs considers the evolution of and challenges facing humanitarian intervention.

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Next Steps in Arctic Governance

May 14, 2014

Overwhelming evidence of climate change and growing access to natural resources have raised the Arctic's strategic importance. David Runnalls of the Centre for International Governance Innovation, suggests three major issues the United States should focus on during its chairmanship of the Arctic Council in 2015.

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A Liberal Coalition for Internet Governance

Apr 18, 2014

The revelations by former U.S. National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden that the NSA is conducting broad surveillance in both the United States and abroad, as well as spying on foreign leaders' communication, proved to be an important turning point for the future of Internet governance. To protect the openness of the Internet while assuaging tensions, three major reforms should be undertaken, writes expert Annegret Bendiek.

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Indonesia’s Struggle Against Terrorism

Apr 11, 2014

Since the 2002 bombings in Bali, the Indonesian government has developed a counterterrorism strategy that seeks to address both the immediate threat and underlying causes of terrorism. Indonesia's multipronged approach to counterterrorism and continued efforts to thwart radicalism provide valuable examples for other nations, writes expert Iis Gindarsah.

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Building a Better Drug Control Regime

Mar 21, 2014

The impact of the drugs trade and the failure of the prevailing narcotics control system to bring it under control are shocking, but debate is intensifying over putting more emphasis on demand reduction, writes expert Virginia Comolli.

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Global Summits to Watch in 2014

Feb 14, 2014

International meetings on nuclear security, Internet governance, and climate change headline a series of summits that could yield significant policy changes, says CFR's Stewart Patrick.

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The High Stakes in Regional Trade Talks

Nov 24, 2013

With the Doha round stalled, regional talks offer the best channel for advancing trade liberalization and contributing to world economic growth, write Jaime Zabludovsky Kuper and Sergio Gomez Lora.

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The African Union and Security

Jul 26, 2013

The African Union has achieved some peacekeeping successes but needs to improve coordination with the UN to strengthen African security, writes expert Alfredo Tjiurimo Hengari.

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