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London-Zurich Agreements of 1959

Published February 1959

Following the end of British colonial rule in Cyprus, conflict arose over Cyprus’ governance. An agreement between Greece and Turkey on issues regarding the Greek and Turkish ethnic communities on Cyprus was reached in Zurich on February 11, 1959. On Feburary 19 at a conference in London, a final agreement was reached by Greece, Turkey, Britain and two Cypriot goups; these two agreements led to the drafting of a constitution and Cyprus’ independence on August 16, 1960.