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Organization of American States: The Drug Problem in the Americas

Published May 17, 2013

Secretary General José Miguel Insulza presented this report to the Organization of American States (OAS) on May 17, 2013. The report details investigations into drug use, production, and trafficking in the Americas and current policies to address the impact of the drug business in different countries.

"We decided to adopt two different and yet complementary approaches. This involved, on the one hand, carrying out a technical study of drug use, production, transit, and trafficking and of the scope of the drug business in the Hemisphere, while at the same time examining the public policies adopted to address the problems of public health, illegality, and violence that they give rise to, as well as their social and political impact on our societies. We refer to that part of the report as the Analytical Report . As an important complement to this effort, we determined that it was important to develop scenarios for the Drug Problem in the Americas Report, which, unlike the Analytical Report, would not examine the current state of affairs, but rather possible future drug trends. This report was developed based on opinions and perspectives of leading academics, political leaders, social leaders, and experts from all over the Americas, representing all schools of thought on the subject, who eagearly took part in this endeavor....

In this way, we have responded to the explicit mandate conferred upon us by the Sixth Summit of the Americas. In bestowing on us the privilege of compiling this Report, the Heads of State of the Americas entrusted us with an enormous responsibility while, at the same time, setting very precise limits on the scope of our response. For that reason, in this Report, we lay out facts that can support decision-making, but we do not impose solutions. It is up to our leaders to develop those solutions, knowing that, in the debates to come, they can rely on a firm basis for their deliberations.
This Report, does not, therefore, provide a conclusion, but rather the start of a long-awaited discussion."

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