Updated November 30, 2012
Research Links on Comparative Education are divided into:
Data, Polls, and Surveys
- Global Education Data: where to find national and sub-national education statistics
Guide to strengths and types of data found in education databases of UNESCO, World Bank, Education Policy and Data Center and OECD
- UNESCO: Institute for Statistics on Education
Tables, profiles, global rankings, International Standard Classification of Education
- World Bank: EdStats
Education data about 200 countries, on over 450 indicators from 1970 to 2009.
- OECD: International Database
Create tables to compare different countries, grade levels, attitudes towards education, and various home environment factors (parents' education, possessions).
- OECD: Education: Key Tables
Data on tertiary graduation rates, entry rates, attainment, relative earnings, public expenditure.
- Education Policy and Data Center
Data visualization, country profiles, graphics, maps of education around the world, projections
- National Center for Education Statistics: International Data Explorer
From U.S. Dept. of Education; reports, pre-made tables, raw data to create tables
- National Center for Education Statistics: Fast Facts: How the U.S. Compares to Other Nations (2006-2010)
From U.S. Dept. of Education; math, reading, and science literacy scores for 15 year-olds, by gender and country.
Analyses and Reports
Understanding results of student assessments and differences in school systems.
- UNESCO: Trends in Global Higher Education
From Portal on Higher Education Institutions; see also Global Education Digest from UNESCO Education initiative.
- OECD: Program for International Student Assessment (PISA)
15 year olds’ reading, math, science literacy skills; 6 volumes covering student abilities, impact of social background, student motivations, school performance indicators, and learning trends.
- Harvard Kennedy School: "Achievement Growth: International and U.S. State Trends in Student Performance"
(PDF) July 2012, from Program on Education Policy and Governance.
- International Review of Curriculum and Assessment of Frameworks Internet Archive (UK)
"Descriptions of government policy on education in Australia, Canada, England, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the USA a
- National Center for Education Statistics: How Do U.S. Students Compare With Their Peers in Other Countries?
Analyzes and compares international scores in three tests: Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS).
- Education Commission of the States: International Comparisons--Selected Research and Readings
"Similarities and disparities between American and foreign K-12 and postsecondary students and education systems, student performance and attitudes."
- Brookings: Brown Center Report on American Education
"The state of American education using the latest measures of student learning, uncovers and explains important trends in achievement test scores, and identifies and evaluates promising educational reforms."
Congressional bills that relate to education in the United States and improving workforce skills.
Past concerns about the U.S. educational system and skills.
Science and Innovation
- UNESCO Science Report
Global degrees earned, research university comparisons, university scientific publications.
- Master Plan for Higher Education in the Midwest
2011 report; also discusses national and international implication: "lifelong..access to advanced educational opportunities will become the defining domestic policy issue for a knowledge-driven society."
See also CFR Task Force report, U.S. Education and National Security.
Economics of Education
Student Exchange and Skill Migration
The impact of students studying abroad and the flow of skills between countries.
- Association of International Educators (NAFSA): Economic Impact of International Students in U.S.
State-by-state breakdown of contribution of international students to U.S. economy.
- Congressional Research Service: "Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force"
From October 2010; "Attempts to settle upon the balance between the needs for a highly skilled scientific and technical workforce, and the need to protect and ensure job opportunities, salaries, and working conditions of U.S. scientific personnel"
- International Education Week: Related Links
Joint initiative of the U.S. Department of State and U.S. Department of Education; links to other international education programs.
- Institute of International Education: Open Doors
Statistics, reports, impacts of international students studying in the U.S., American students abroad.
- Migration Policy Institute: "Education, PK-12"
Resource Center: "While immigrant youth are often among the top performers in schools nationwide, large numbers of them have low-educated parents, come from low-income families, and arrive in US schools speaking very little English."
- NAFSA: Association of International Educators
Resources on: Advancing Public Policy for International Education
- U.S. Global Competence for the 21st Century
"50th anniversary of the Higher Education Act–Title VI and Fulbright-Hays programs... essential for responsible engagement in the world, as well as in our culturally diverse homeland.""