Amnesty International discusses how Egyptian human rights have been restricted by the military since Mubarak's ousting in February 2011.
Egypt's first parliamentary elections since the "25 January Revolution" have been overshadowed by the human rights abuses of the country's military rulers. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (the SCAF), which assumed power when former President Hosni Mubarak was ousted on 11 February, had stated they would oversee "a peaceful transition of authority within a free and democratic system". However, ahead of November elections to the People's Assembly, the SCAF has arbitrarily restricted the very human rights, including freedom of expression, association and assembly, that are instrumental to ensuring free debate of social and political issues. Criticism of the authorities or of the pace of reform has been ruthlessly suppressed. Military courts have imprisoned thousands of civilians. Military prosecutors have summonsed, interrogated and ordered the detention of those who criticize the army. Military forces have used unnecessary or excessive force to disperse demonstrations. The euphoria of the uprising has been replaced by fears that one repressive rule has simply been replaced with another.