November 19, 2009
A majority in every country polled says that global warming is a problem or a threat and that governments should give it a high priority, while only small minorities say it is not a problem. Despite these numbers, people tend to underestimate how much other people are concerned about climate change. While the number of people concerned about climate change has been increasing for some years, recent polls indicate that it may be leveling out. Download full chapter (PDF).
Large majorities around the world support taking action to address the problem of climate change. More often than not, majorities favor taking major steps urgently. Most believe that it will be necessary for people to change their lifestyle in order to reduce their production of climate changing gasses. Support for taking action is higher among those who have more information about climate change. Download full chapter (PDF).
To motivate changes in energy usage, majorities in most countries believe that it will be necessary to increase the cost of energy that causes climate change. The idea of raising taxes on such forms of energy meets with mixed responses. However, support becomes high if respondents are told that the revenues of such a tax will be explicitly earmarked to address the problem of climate change, or will be offset with tax reductions. Download full chapter (PDF).
To reduce reliance on oil and coal, large majorities in countries around the world favor creating tax incentives to encourage alternative energy sources and requiring automakers to increase fuel efficiency. Views are more mixed on building new nuclear power plants. Download full chapter (PDF).
Majorities in developing as well as developed countries think that developing countries have a responsibility to limit their emissions in an effort to deal with climate change. Among most countries—both developed and developing—there is also a consensus that developed countries should provide developing countries aid as part of a commitment by developing countries to limit their greenhouse-gas emissions. Download full chapter (PDF).
Publics in the Muslim world showed mixed views on how helpful UN efforts have been in working to address the problem of climate change. Publics in Europe and the United States showed negative views of multilateral efforts to address climate change, giving poor ratings for European-North American cooperation on climate change. Europeans would like the European Union to play an active role in addressing climate change. Download full chapter (PDF).
Publics gave their governments highly varied ratings in terms of how high a priority they place on addressing climate change. Majorities in nearly all nations polled think that their government should give climate change a higher priority than it does. Download full chapter (PDF).
Global publics in recent years have largely disapproved of how the United States is handling the problem of climate change. In general, the United States has been most widely seen as the country having the most negative effect on the world’s environment, followed by China, while Germany has received the best ratings. Download full chapter (PDF).
CFR experts examine domestic and foreign policy questions surrounding energy, security, and climate change.
Edward Alden and others explore ideas and initiatives for rebuilding American economic strength.
The story of the tragic and often tormented relationship between the United States and Pakistan, and a call to prepare for the worst, aim for the best, and avoid past mistakes. More
An authoritative and accessible look at what countries must do to build durable and prosperous democracies—and what the United States and others can do to help. More
A groundbreaking analysis of what the changes in American energy mean for the economy, national security, and the environment. More
This Independent Task Force report finds that as more people and services become interconnected and dependent on the Internet, societies are becoming increasingly vulnerable to cyberattacks.
This Independent Task Force asserts that Turkey is an increasingly influential regional and economic power and calls for the United States and Turkey to forge a new partnership.
The authors assess the political, security, and economic challenges facing U.S. policymakers in Afghanistan and evaluate a range of policy options.
Special operations play a critical role in how the United States confronts irregular threats, but to have long-term strategic impact, the author argues, numerous shortfalls must be addressed.
This volume brings together a broad range of Foreign Affairs content to commemorate the twentieth anniversary of Samuel Huntington’s classic article “The Clash of Civilizations?” More
December 16 Application Deadline:
Stanton Nuclear Security Fellowship
January 17 Application Deadline:
IAF in Nuclear Security
March 1 Application Deadline:
Edward R. Murrow Press Fellowship
For application instructions and more information, visit www.cfr.org/fellowships.
To request permission to reprint or reuse CFR material, please fill out this permissions request form (PDF), referring to the instructions on page 1.
Determining the "most urgent" global environmental issue is somewhat subjective; many would argue that carbon emissions and climate change is...
What is needed is not more research on what causes the resource curse, but better and more practical thinking and writing on how countries...
"If a government can finance itself through the profits on oil, it needn't collect taxes. Let me suggest that this is not a good thing. Taxes...
The concept of pricing ecosystem services and allowing them to be bought and sold has gained wide acceptance among conservationists in recent...