Matthew T. Page

International Affairs Fellow


Nigeria; political, military, socioeconomic, anti-corruption, human rights issues.


Matthew T. Page is an international affairs fellow with the Council on Foreign Relations. Previously with the Department of State's Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Page is one of the U.S. intelligence community's top experts on Nigeria. For more than a decade, senior policymakers at the White House, State Department, Defense Department, and in Congress have sought out Page's analysis on Africa's most populous country and largest economy.

A former deputy national intelligence officer for Africa with the National Intelligence Council, Page wrote articles for senior policymakers on a wide range of political, military, and socioeconomic topics affecting the continent. He also served as senior analyst for West Africa at the Defense Intelligence Agency and as an Africa analyst with the U.S. Marine Corps.

Page has cultivated a robust network of official, academic, civil society, and private sector contacts outside Washington and in Nigeria, where he has traveled widely. He frequently speaks at the African Studies Association's annual conference, National Defense University, and the Foreign Service Institute.

Page's Nigeria analysis has received accolades including the a National Intelligence Analysis Award from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, two Superior Honor Awards from the Department of State, and the Defense Intelligence Agency's Civilian Meritorious Service Medal.

A Maine native, Page has a BA and MA in politics, philosophy, and economics from the University of Oxford, as well as another MA in war studies from King's College London.

All Publications


Instead of Cutting Waste, Nigeria Racks Up Debt to Replace Oil Revenues

Author: Matthew T. Page
World Politics Review

Last week, Nigeria’s Senate passed President Muhammadu Buhari’s proposed 2016 budget, which projected a deficit of $15 billion due to falling oil prices. In an email interview, Matthew Page, an international affairs fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, discussed the impact of falling oil prices on Nigeria’s economy and politics.

See more in Nigeria; Oil; Budget, Debt, and Deficits


Nigeria’s Reform of Its State Oil Company Will Be Cosmetic Without Cutting Corrupt Ties

Author: Matthew T. Page

or decades, Nigeria’s state oil company, the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has been the leading symbol of official corruption and a seemingly boundless source of political patronage. Faced with plummeting global oil prices and dwindling state coffers, president Muhammadu Buhari cannot afford to allow the NNPC, under a veneer of reform, to operate much as it did before. 

See more in Nigeria; Oil


Nigeria: Buhari’s 2016 Budget Continues Use of Secretive ‘Security Votes’

Author: Matthew T. Page
African Arguments

Under President Muhammadu Buhari, the fight against corruption in Nigeria has unquestionably turned a corner. Shortly after taking office in May, he vowed to “plug revenue leakages”, made sweeping changes in the notoriously corrupt Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), and took steps to tighten control over public spending.


See more in Nigeria; Presidents and Chiefs of State; Budget, Debt, and Deficits


5 Things That the President of Nigeria Can Do to Get His Country Back on Track

Author: Matthew T. Page
The Washington Post

President Muhammadu Buhari, who was inaugurated May 29, is the antithesis of the stereotypical Nigerian politician: incorruptible, soft-spoken, self-effacing and deliberate. He embraces the nickname “Baba Go-Slow and Steady.” Buhari’s unhurried style has its downsides, however: It took him an unprecedented four months to name a solid but unextraordinary cabinet.

See more in Nigeria; Presidents and Chiefs of State