Thousands have been killed since Nigeria's militant Islamist group Boko Haram launched its uprising in 2009. Nigeria is resource rich and Africa's most populous country. In the last three years, Boko Haram has killed 358 people according to the government, but others estimate the true figure to be more than 1,500. Based largely in Nigeria's northeast, the militant group and its off-shoot Ansaru, has been fighting for more than four years to try to carve an Islamic state in this multi-religious and multi-ethnic country.
Joining John Rees in the studio to discuss this is Dr Olawale Ismail, Head of Research International Alert, and joining us on the phone from Washington is Ambassador John Campbell, former United States Ambassador to Nigeria, expert on US policy toward Africa and author of a new book should United States fear Boko Haram? On the phone from Nigeria we have Mausi Segun, Nigeria Researcher for Human Rights Watch and to complete our panel we have Dr David Lowe, lecturer in law, security and terrorism, at Liverpool John Moores University.