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Daniel S. Markey

Adjunct Senior Fellow for India, Pakistan, and South Asia

Expertise

South Asia; U.S. foreign policy; international security; international relations theory.

Programs

South Asia Roundtable Series

Bio

Daniel Markey is adjunct senior fellow for India, Pakistan, and South Asia at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), where he specializes in security and governance issues in South Asia. He is the author of a book on the future of the U.S.-Pakistan relationship, No Exit from Pakistan: America's Tortured Relationship with Islamabad (Cambridge University Press, October 2013). In 2015, Dr. Markey was appointed as Senior Research Professor in International Relations and Academic Director of the new Global Policy Master of Arts Program at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). 

From 2003 to 2007, Dr. Markey held the South Asia portfolio on the Secretary's Policy Planning Staff at the U.S. Department of State. Prior to government service, he taught in the Department of Politics at Princeton University, where he served as executive director of Princeton's Research Program in International Security. Earlier, he was a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard's Olin Institute for Strategic Studies.

Dr. Markey is the author of numerous publications, including the January 2014 CFR Special Report, Reorienting U.S. Pakistan Strategy: From Af-Pak to Asia; the February 2013 CFR Policy Innovation Memorandum, Support Process Over Policy in Pakistan; the September 2011 CFR Asia Security Memorandum, Pakistan Contingencies; the May 2011 CFR Policy Innovation Memorandum, Next Steps for Pakistan Strategy; the January 2010 CFR Contingency Planning Memorandum, Terrorism and Indo-Pakistani Escalation; and a chapter of the Random House e-book, Beyond bin Laden: America and the Future of Terror. He served as project director of the CFR-sponsored Independent Task Force on U.S. strategy in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Dr. Markey's commentary has been featured widely, including in the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and Christian Science Monitor. He has appeared on PBS, CNN, BBC, NPR, CBS, ABC, and C-SPAN.

Dr. Markey earned a bachelor's degree in international studies from The Johns Hopkins University and a doctorate in politics from Princeton University. He has been awarded grants from the Smith Richardson and MacArthur foundations to support his research.

The Future of U.S.-Pakistan Relations

Pakistan's internal troubles already threaten U.S. security and international peace, and Pakistan's rapidly growing population, nuclear arsenal, and relationships with China and India will continue to force it onto the United States' geostrategic map in new and important ways over the coming decades. Most immediately, the U.S. combat mission in Afghanistan is drawing down and the nature of the relationship between the U.S. and Pakistan is likely to shift as a consequence. As I argued in my January 2014 Council Special Report, Reorienting U.S. Pakistan Strategy: From Af-Pak to Asia, any U.S. strategy for the rest of Asia that does not include Pakistan's role is incomplete, and a strategy for Pakistan that only considers its role in the context of Afghanistan is shortsighted. In articles, op-eds, and my recent book, No Exit from Pakistan: America's Tortured Relationship with Islamabad, I assess the U.S. relationship with Pakistan and recommend how Washington's policymakers should craft more effective policies for the future. I also convene a South Asia Roundtable Series to address similar topics with U.S. government officials, academics, and private sector analysts.

The New Geopolitics of China, India, and Pakistan

The emergence of China and more recently, India, has reshaped relations and produced a broader area of economic integration in Asia. Even in southern Asia, where the strategic triangle of China, India, and Pakistan has resulted in flashpoints and suspicions, both India and China have kept their sights on increasing trade and economic growth as a security imperative for the long term. However, southern Asia's security, political, and economic foundations face stresses that could profoundly alter its evolution, usher in the return of geopolitics, and reshape political and economic relations globally. This project will explore potential flashpoints and promising areas for cooperation among China, India, and Pakistan—and identify areas where the United States can help. Over the next two years, I will explore these issues with my colleagues Alyssa Ayres and Elizabeth Economy in a roundtable series and several publications. The project will culminate in a capstone symposium and a Council report in 2016.

This project is made possible through the support of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

China's "Go West" Strategy

In recent years, Beijing has signaled a new interest in the states of its western periphery by announcing plans for a "New Silk Road," "Maritime Silk Road," and a China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, among other high profile initiatives. China's westward interests start with the vast energy resources of Central Asia and the Middle East, but other security and economic concerns are leading Beijing to focus greater attention westward, from Kazakhstan to Sri Lanka, Pakistan to Saudi Arabia. What are the likely consequences of China's expanded commercial, diplomatic, and strategic activity? Will China exacerbate or soothe tensions between India and Pakistan, or between Iran and Saudi Arabia? Will Afghanistan benefit from Chinese investment and enhanced diplomatic attention? Will Russia's influence in Central Asia be displaced by China's wealth and unquenchable thirst for energy? For the United States, the answers to these and other questions will determine whether China's westward march presents a geostrategic threat, a new opportunity for greater cooperation, or merely a distraction from other pressing global concerns. My research and travel will culminate with an assessment of the present state and future potential of China's "Go West" strategy and its consequences for the United States.

Featured Publications

All Publications

Op-Ed

Hotbed of Terror

Author: Daniel S. Markey
Covert

Should another 9/11-type attack take place in the United States, it will likely have its origins in the tribal belt along Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan, writes Daniel Markey. The region serves as a safe haven for a core group of nationally and internationally networked terrorists, a training and recruiting ground for Afghan Taliban, and, increasingly, a hotbed of indigenous militancy.

See more in Havens for Terrorism; Pakistan

Op-Ed

Why Pakistan Plays 'Lets Make a Deal'

Author: Daniel S. Markey
Foreign Policy

“Islamabad is about to cut another deal with the country’s tribal leaders. These agreements rarely last long and appear to have helped no one besides terrorists and hardened militants. But Washington should support the deal making—at least for a little longer,” writes Daniel Markey

See more in Pakistan; Terrorism

Other Report

Policy Options Paper—Pakistan

Author: Daniel S. Markey

In this paper, the first of a new publication type from the Council called the Policy Options Paper, Senior Fellow Daniel Markey poses a set of recommendations for the United States to consider in response to Pakistan’s ongoing political crisis—in particular, what position the Bush administration should take with regard to the country’s upcoming national elections.

See more in Pakistan; Elections

Foreign Affairs Article

A False Choice in Pakistan

Author: Daniel S. Markey

Americans are increasingly frustrated with Pakistan's counterterrorism efforts, but the United States should resist the urge to threaten President Pervez Musharraf or demand a quick democratic transition. Getting Islamabad to play a more effective role in the war on terrorism will require that Washington strike a careful balance: pushing for political reform but without jeopardizing the military's core interests.

See more in Pakistan

Events

South Asia Roundtable Series

Director: Daniel S. Markey, Adjunct Senior Fellow for India, Pakistan, and South Asia
May 2007—Present

The South Asia Roundtable Series examines the major issues facing South Asia today. On Afghanistan, speakers and participants analyze stability, reconstruction, and counterinsurgency efforts. For sessions on Pakistan, they consider many aspects of the nature of the U.S.-Pakistan partnership, ranging from counterterrorism cooperation to issues of governance. Meetings on India look at the U.S.-India relationship and the tensions, limits, and opportunities that will define the American relationship with India moving forward. Other sessions may also examine timely issues that arise in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, or Nepal.

CFR Events

The State of U.S.-Pakistan Relations

This meeting is on the record.

Listen

Chicago Roundtable: The Road Ahead: U.S.-Pakistan Relations

This meeting is not for attribution.

Read

CFR Fellows' Book Launch Series: No Exit from Pakistan--America's Tortured Relationship with Islamabad

This meeting is on the record.

ListenWatch

No Exit from Pakistan: America's Tortured Relationship with Islamabad

This meeting is on the record.

ListenWatch

Daniel Markey and Cameron Munter

This meeting is on the record.

Read Listen

Ryan Crocker and Daniel Markey on Pakistani Elections

This meeting is on the record.

Listen

U.S.-Pakistan Relations: The Year Past, The Year Ahead

This meeting is on the record.

Read ListenWatch

U.S. Strategy for Pakistan and Afghanistan: Report of a CFR-Sponsored Independent Task Force

This meeting is on the record.

Read ListenWatch

U.S. Strategy for Pakistan and Afghanistan: Report of a CFR-Sponsored Independent Task Force

This meeting is on the record.

Read ListenWatch

India-Pakistan Relations

This meeting is not for attribution.

Listen

Afghanistan, Pakistan, and U.S. National Security: The Current State of Play

This meeting is not for attribution.

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The President's Inbox: The Greater Middle East

This meeting is on the record.

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Center for Preventive Action Symposium on Preventive Priorities for a New Era, Session Two: Outlook for Critical Regions

This meeting is not for attribution.

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Continuing Challenges for U.S. Foreign Policy: Pakistan

This meeting is on the record.

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The Struggle Within: What Pakistan's Unrest Could Mean for the United States

This meeting is on the record.

Read

Press/Panels

Video Interview

The Nixon Test

Back in the summer of 2011, the editor of Foreign Affairs journal, Gideon Rose, suggested in the pages of The New York Times that the Obama administration draws lessons from the experience of the Vietnam War and implements a "Neo-Nixonian" strategy in Afghanistan.

Listen