Asked by George Macharia, from University of Nairobi
Terrorism in the Horn of Africa is a complex problem that requires a "full spectrum" solution. The first step in any counterterrorism campaign is developing an understanding of the terrorists' motivations and goals. In the Horn of Africa, the chief terrorist threat emanates from al-Shabab fighters attempting to violently overthrow the Somali government and impose fundamentalist Islamic law. The group and its affiliates are also attempting to sow unrest in neighboring countries like Kenya.
Scott D. Campbell,U.S. Marine Corps, most recently commanded the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit composed of twenty-four hundred marines and sailors, and included thirty-one fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft, which recently completed an eight-month deployment to the Centcom area of operations. Colonel Campbell also commanded 2d Force Reconnaissance Company and 2d Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company as well as a joint task force in the Republic of Georgia.
His previous tours include a tour in the special operations community, division lead for counterterrorism operations at U.S. Africa Command, executive officer for both 2d Reconnaissance Battalion and 2d Battalion 6th Marines, and command of both a reconnaissance company and light armor infantry company.
He has completed multiple combat deployments and is a graduate of the University of Oklahoma and the Naval War College.