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Poker Lessons From Richelieu

A Portrait of the Statesman as Gambler

Author: David Bell
March / April 2012
Foreign Affairs


Armand-Jean du Plessis, better known to history as Cardinal Richelieu (1585–1642), spent most of his career contending for and then exercising control over a deeply divided, indebted, and dysfunctional superpower. His country's politics were vicious, and its government paralyzingly complex. In short, if he were dropped into Washington today, he might feel right at home.

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