The Devolution of the Seas

The Consequences of Oceanic Destruction

Author: Alan B. Sielen
November/December 2013
Foreign Affairs

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Of all the threats looming over the planet today, one of the most alarming is the seemingly inexorable descent of the world's oceans into ecological perdition. Over the last several decades, human activities have so altered the basic chemistry of the seas that they are now experiencing evolution in reverse: a return to the barren primeval waters of hundreds of millions of years ago.

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