Increased Violence in Egypt

Increased Violence in Egypt

Further deterioration of the political situation in Egypt resulting in significantly increased violence, especially in the Sinai Peninsula


The security situation and political outlook of Egypt remains uncertain following the overthrow of President Mohammed Morsi in July 2013. More than fourteen million people gathered to demand that the Muslim Brotherhood–backed president step down—the largest protests since the 2011 revolution that toppled former president Hosni Mubarak. After serving just over one year in office, Morsi was forcibly removed by the military on July 3, 2013.

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was sworn into office on June 9, 2014, following the May 2014 election in which he won 96 percent of the vote. The former field marshal had arrested Morsi after he refused to step down and announced that the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt, Adly Mansour, would serve as interim president. The military continues to arrest Muslim Brotherhood members and designated the organization as a terrorist group in December 2013.

Egyptian society is increasingly polarized as protestors continue to fight with security forces while the military arrests individuals with Islamist associations. Furthermore, clashes between Islamists and government forces are intensifying in cities and the Sinai Peninsula as constant bomb attacks threaten military posts.

Political instability in Egypt has also prompted a debate within the United States about its long-standing relationship and annual aid to the Egyptian military—with the United States suspending some of its military assistance in October 2013.

Since two Egyptian leaders have been deposed by the military over the past three years, there is continued concern that Egypt could deteriorate into a state of sustained civil conflict, martial law, and political violence. 

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