Conflict Between Armenia and Azerbaijan
An outbreak of military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh
Nagorno-Karabakh—the disputed region between Armenia and Azerbaijan—faces increased risk of renewed hostilities due to the failure of mediation efforts, escalating militarization, and frequent ceasefire violations.
Although 95 percent of Nagorno-Karabakh is ethnically Armenian, it is internationally recognized as being part of Azerbaijan. The conflict over the secessionist territory officially ended with a ceasefire in 1993, following a six-year war, but has potential to flare up again.
Negotiation and mediation efforts, primarily led by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group, have failed to produce a permanent solution to the conflict. Without successful mediation efforts, cease-fire violations and escalating tensions threaten to renew a military conflict between the countries and destabilize the South Caucasus region.
Increased tensions could also disrupt oil and gas exports from the region—since Azerbaijan is a significant oil and gas exporter to Europe and Central Asia, producing 850,000 barrels of oil per day—while harming U.S. economic interests and creating a spike in the global oil market.
- Minsk Group to mull Nagorno-Karabakh problem in Warsaw
Sara Rajabova, Azernews
April 28, 2014
- Crimea, Nagorno-Karabakh and the Gordian Knot
Diba Nigar Goksel, Al Jazeera
April 22, 2014
- Non-Kinetic Warfare in the Nagorno Karabakh Conflict
Vahan Dilanyan and Vilen Khlgatyan, Institute of World Politics
March 21, 2014
- Is Past Russian Meddling in Former Soviet Bloc an Omen for Crimea?
Eve Conant, National Geographic
March 4, 2014
- Nagorno-Karabakh is Pending Issue of the South Caucasia for Twenty Years
Hikmet Eren, News.AZ
February 25, 2014
- Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests
Jim Nichol, Congressional Research Service
October 25, 2013
- Nagorno-Karabakh Profile
October 5, 2013
- The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: A Festering Sore
October 3, 2013
- What Lies Between Solution and Resumption of the Nagorny Karabakh Conflict?
Laurence Broers, Conciliation Resources
- Armenia and Azerbaijan: A Season of Risks
International Crisis Group
September 26, 2013
- Azerbaijan's Foreign Policy and the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
Elizabeth Fuller, Istituto Affari Internazionali
- Nagorno-Karabakh: Position of Armenia on the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Armenia
- Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
- Address by Minister Elmar Mammodyarov
United Nations General Assembly
September 28, 2013
U.S. Energy Information Administration
September 10, 2013
- Joint Statement on the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Minsk Group Co-Chair Countries
June 18, 2013