This declaration was made on January 1, 1942, at the First Washington Conference (Arcadia Conference) during World War II. The term 'united nations' was coined by Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the declaration included 26 governments
A Joint Declaration by the United States, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, China, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia
The Governments signatory hereto,
Having subscribed to a common program of purposes and principles embodied in the Joint Declaration of the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland dated August 14, 1941, known as the Atlantic Charter.
Being convinced that complete victory over their enemies is essential to defend life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands, and that they are now engaged in a common struggle against savage and brutal forces seeking to subjugate the world,
(1) Each Government pledges itself to employ its full resources, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact :and its adherents with which such government is at war.
(2) Each Government pledges itself to cooperate with the Governments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies.
The foregoing declaration may be adhered to by other nations which are, or which may be, rendering material assistance and contributions in the struggle for victory over Hitlerism.
Done at Washington
January First, 1942
[The signatories to the Declaration by United Nations are as listed above.]
The adherents to the Declaration by United Nations, together with the date of communication of adherence, are as follows:
|Mexico June 5, 1942||Peru Feb. 11, 1945|
|Philippines June 10, 1942||Chile Feb. 12, 1945|
|Ethiopia July 28, 1942||Paraguay Feb. 12, 1945|
|Iraq Jan. 16, 1943||Venezuela Feb. 16, 1945|
|Brazil Feb. 8, 1943||Uruguay Feb. 23, 1945|
|Bolivia Apr. 27, 1943||Turkey Feb. 24, 1945|
|Iran Sept. 10, 1943||Egypt Feb. 27, 1945|
|Colombia Dec. 22, 1943||Saudi Arabia Mar. 1, 1945|
|Liberia Feb. 26, 1944||Lebanon Mar. 1, 1945|
|France Dec. 26, 1944||Syria Mar. 1, 1945|
|Ecuador Feb. 7, 1945|