The UN General Assembly passed a resolution on February 5, 1952, about two drafts of international treaties human rights. This resolution is known as the International Bill of Human Rights, and consists of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols. The UN produced a fact sheet explaining the background of the resolution and all its components.
The UN General Assembly implemented the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948, after World War II.
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights was adopted on December 16, 1966 and entered into force on January 3, 1976. The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees summarizes the treaty's purpose:
"The Covenant contains some of the most significant international legal provisions establishing economic, social and cultural rights, including rights relating to work in just and favourable conditions, to social protection, to an adequate standard of living, to the highest attainable standards of physical and mental health, to education and to enjoyment of the benefits of cultural freedom and scientific progress. It also provides for the right of self-determination; equal rights for men and women; the right to work; the right to just and favourable conditions of work; the right to form and join trade unions; the right to social security and social insurance; protection and assistance to the family; the right to adequate standard of living; the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health; the right to education; the right to take part in cultural life; and the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications."
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights outlines every human's right to self determination and protection under the law. After more than twenty years of preparatory negotiations and resolutions, the covenant was signed on December 16, 1966 and it entered into force March 23, 1976.