During 2006 and 2007, the Council of Europe and the European Parliament investigated alleged secret detention centers said to be used by the U.S. government for extraditing terror suspects to countries with lax or no human rights standards.
In January 2006, a Council of Europe memorandum labels as "unacceptable and appalling" the alleged American practice of secretly extraditing terror suspects to countries with lax or no human rights standards. The report, prepared for the Council of Europe, calls this "outsourcing" torture.
In a report released June 7, 2006, the Council of Europe continued investigation into alleged secret detention centers, concluding that the CIA rendition program involved a "network that resembles a 'spider's web' spun across the globe", naming fourteen European countries that engaged with the CIA in rendition activities.
In an interim report released June 12, 2007, a week after the Council of Europe's report, the European Parliament found similar conclusions, stating that the CIA was responsible for illegal seizure, abduction, and detention of suspected terrorists. It recommends that the US close the Guantanamo Bay prison camp.
On September 12, 2012, the European Parliament adopted a resolution regarding its investigation, stating "that counter-terrorism strategies can be effective only if they are conducted in strict compliance with human rights obligations, in particular the right to due process....[and] stresses that special procedures ought not to be applied to persons suspected of terrorism; points out that everyone must be able to benefit from all the guarantees included in the principle of a fair trial as laid down in Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights."