UN General Assembly established the Universal Periodic Review as a process to review individual countries every four years on their human rights record. The United States scheduled its review in 2010-2011. UPR sessions take place at the HRC in Geneva, and are framed by reports submitted by national governments. The United States submitted its report to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on August 20, 2010.
The U.S. State Department describes the Universal Periodic Review as a process "established by the UN General Assembly in 2006...through which the human rights records of the United Nations' 192 Member States could be reviewed and assessed. This review, conducted through the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), is based upon human rights obligations and commitments expressed in the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, human rights instruments to which the State is party, etc. The United States is a strong supporter of the UPR process, which provides a unique avenue for the global community to discuss human rights around the world.