Counterintelligence Enhancement Act of 2002 (50 USC 401) requires the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive to submit a strategy for the counterintelligence programs and activities of the U.S. Government. The Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 states that the strategy must be revised or updated once every three years.
In 2005, the first national counterintelligence strategy was released. In 2007, the strategy included involving the private sector and academia in counterintelligence efforts. In 2008, the strategy was revised to emphasize cybersecurity efforts and standardize procedures to respond to supply chain vulnerabilities and intelligence leaks.