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UN Security Council Resolution 1887, Non-proliferation

Published September 24, 2009

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6191st meeting, on

24 September 2009

The Security Council,

Resolving to seek a safer world for all and to create the conditions for a world

without nuclear weapons, in accordance with the goals of the Treaty on the

Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), in a way that promotes international

stability, and based on the principle of undiminished security for all,

Reaffirming the Statement of its President adopted at the Councilís meeting at

the level of Heads of State and Government on 31 January 1992 (S/23500),

including the need for all Member States to fulfil their obligations in relation to

arms control and disarmament and to prevent proliferation in all its aspects of all

weapons of mass destruction,

Recalling also that the above Statement (S/23500) underlined the need for all

Member States to resolve peacefully in accordance with the Charter any problems in

that context threatening or disrupting the maintenance of regional and global

stability,

Reaffirming that proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and their means

of delivery, constitutes a threat to international peace and security,

Bearing in mind the responsibilities of other organs of the United Nations and

relevant international organizations in the field of disarmament, arms control and

non-proliferation, as well as the Conference on Disarmament, and supporting them

to continue to play their due roles,

Underlining that the NPT remains the cornerstone of the nuclear

non-proliferation regime and the essential foundation for the pursuit of nuclear

disarmament and for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy,

Reaffirming its firm commitment to the NPT and its conviction that the

international nuclear non-proliferation regime should be maintained and

strengthened to ensure its effective implementation, and recalling in this regard the

outcomes of past NPT Review Conferences, including the 1995 and 2000 final

documents,

Calling for further progress on all aspects of disarmament to enhance global

security,

Recalling the Statement by its President adopted at the Councilís meeting held

on 19 November 2008 (S/PRST/2008/43),

Welcoming the decisions of those non-nuclear-weapon States that have

dismantled their nuclear weapons programs or renounced the possession of nuclear

weapons,

Welcoming the nuclear arms reduction and disarmament efforts undertaken and

accomplished by nuclear-weapon States, and underlining the need to pursue further

efforts in the sphere of nuclear disarmament, in accordance with Article VI of the

NPT,

Welcoming in this connection the decision of the Russian Federation and the

United States of America to conduct negotiations to conclude a new comprehensive

legally binding agreement to replace the Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of

Strategic Offensive Arms, which expires in December 2009,

Welcoming and supporting the steps taken to conclude nuclear-weapon-free

zone treaties and reaffirming the conviction that the establishment of internationally

recognized nuclear-weapon-free zones on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at

among the States of the region concerned, and in accordance with the 1999 United

Nations Disarmament Commission guidelines, enhances global and regional peace

and security, strengthens the nuclear non-proliferation regime, and contributes

toward realizing the objectives of nuclear disarmament,

Noting its support, in this context, for the convening of the Second Conference

of States Parties and signatories of the Treaties that establish Nuclear-Weapon-Free

Zones to be held in New York on 30 April 2010,

Reaffirming its resolutions 825 (1993), 1695 (2006), 1718 (2006), and 1874

(2009),

Reaffirming its resolutions 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803

(2008), and 1835 (2008),

Reaffirming all other relevant non-proliferation resolutions adopted by the

Security Council,

Gravely concerned about the threat of nuclear terrorism, and recognizing the

need for all States to take effective measures to prevent nuclear material or technical

assistance becoming available to terrorists,

Noting with interest the initiative to convene, in coordination with the

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an international conference on the

peaceful uses of nuclear energy,

Expressing its support for the convening of the 2010 Global Summit on

Nuclear Security,

Affirming its support for the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear

Material and its 2005 Amendment, and the Convention for the Suppression of Acts

of Nuclear Terrorism,

Recognizing the progress made by the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear

Terrorism, and the G-8 Global Partnership,

Noting the contribution of civil society in promoting all the objectives of the

NPT,

Reaffirming its resolution 1540 (2004) and the necessity for all States to

implement fully the measures contained therein, and calling upon all Member States

and international and regional organizations to cooperate actively with the

Committee established pursuant to that resolution, including in the course of the

comprehensive review as called for in resolution 1810 (2008),

1. Emphasizes that a situation of non-compliance with non-proliferation

obligations shall be brought to the attention of the Security Council, which will

determine if that situation constitutes a threat to international peace and security,

and emphasizes the Security Councilís primary responsibility in addressing such

threats;

2. Calls upon States Parties to the NPT to comply fully with all their

obligations and fulfil their commitments under the Treaty,

3. Notes that enjoyment of the benefits of the NPT by a State Party can be

assured only by its compliance with the obligations thereunder;

4. Calls upon all States that are not Parties to the NPT to accede to the

Treaty as non-nuclear-weapon States so as to achieve its universality at an early

date, and pending their accession to the Treaty, to adhere to its terms;

5. Calls upon the Parties to the NPT, pursuant to Article VI of the Treaty, to

undertake to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to

nuclear arms reduction and disarmament, and on a Treaty on general and complete

disarmament under strict and effective international control, and calls on all other

States to join in this endeavour;

6. Calls upon all States Parties to the NPT to cooperate so that the 2010

NPT Review Conference can successfully strengthen the Treaty and set realistic and

achievable goals in all the Treatyís three pillars: non-proliferation, the peaceful uses

of nuclear energy, and disarmament;

7. Calls upon all States to refrain from conducting a nuclear test explosion

and to sign and ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), thereby

bringing the treaty into force at an early date;

8. Calls upon the Conference on Disarmament to negotiate a Treaty banning

the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive

devices as soon as possible, welcomes the Conference on Disarmamentís adoption

by consensus of its Program of Work in 2009, and requests all Member States to

cooperate in guiding the Conference to an early commencement of substantive

work;

9. Recalls the statements by each of the five nuclear-weapon States, noted

by resolution 984 (1995), in which they give security assurances against the use of

nuclear weapons to non-nuclear-weapon State Parties to the NPT, and affirms that

such security assurances strengthen the nuclear non-proliferation regime;

10. Expresses particular concern at the current major challenges to the

non-proliferation regime that the Security Council has acted upon, demands that the

parties concerned comply fully with their obligations under the relevant Security

Council resolutions, and reaffirms its call upon them to find an early negotiated

solution to these issues;

11. Encourages efforts to ensure development of peaceful uses of nuclear

energy by countries seeking to maintain or develop their capacities in this field in a

framework that reduces proliferation risk and adheres to the highest international

standards for safeguards, security, and safety;

12. Underlines that the NPT recognizes in Article IV the inalienable right of

the Parties to the Treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy

for peaceful purposes without discrimination and in conformity with Articles I and

II, and recalls in this context Article III of the NPT and Article II of the IAEA

Statute;

13. Calls upon States to adopt stricter national controls for the export of

sensitive goods and technologies of the nuclear fuel cycle;

14. Encourages the work of the IAEA on multilateral approaches to the

nuclear fuel cycle, including assurances of nuclear fuel supply and related measures,

as effective means of addressing the expanding need for nuclear fuel and nuclear

fuel services and minimizing the risk of proliferation, and urges the IAEA Board of

Governors to agree upon measures to this end as soon as possible;

15. Affirms that effective IAEA safeguards are essential to prevent nuclear

proliferation and to facilitate cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear

energy, and in that regard:

a. Calls upon all non-nuclear-weapon States party to the NPT that have yet

to bring into force a comprehensive safeguards agreement or a modified small

quantities protocol to do so immediately,

b. Calls upon all States to sign, ratify and implement an additional protocol,

which together with comprehensive safeguards agreements constitute essential

elements of the IAEA safeguards system,

c. Stresses the importance for all Member States to ensure that the IAEA

continue to have all the necessary resources and authority to verify the

declared use of nuclear materials and facilities and the absence of undeclared

activities, and for the IAEA to report to the Council accordingly as

appropriate;

16. Encourages States to provide the IAEA with the cooperation necessary

for it to verify whether a state is in compliance with its safeguards obligations, and

affirms the Security Councilís resolve to support the IAEAís efforts to that end,

consistent with its authorities under the Charter;

17. Undertakes to address without delay any Stateís notice of withdrawal

from the NPT, including the events described in the statement provided by the State

pursuant to Article X of the Treaty, while noting ongoing discussions in the course

of the NPT review on identifying modalities under which NPT States Parties could

collectively respond to notification of withdrawal, and affirms that a State remains

responsible under international law for violations of the NPT committed prior to its

withdrawal;

18. Encourages States to require as a condition of nuclear exports that the

recipient State agree that, in the event that it should terminate, withdraw from, or be

found by the IAEA Board of Governors to be in non-compliance with its IAEA

safeguards agreement, the supplier state would have a right to require the return of

nuclear material and equipment provided prior to such termination, non-compliance

or withdrawal, as well as any special nuclear material produced through the use of

such material or equipment;

19. Encourages States to consider whether a recipient State has signed and

ratified an additional protocol based on the model additional protocol in making

nuclear export decisions;

20. Urges States to require as a condition of nuclear exports that the recipient

State agree that, in the event that it should terminate its IAEA safeguards agreement,

safeguards shall continue with respect to any nuclear material and equipment

provided prior to such termination, as well as any special nuclear material produced

through the use of such material or equipment;

21. Calls for universal adherence to the Convention on Physical Protection of

Nuclear Materials and its 2005 Amendment, and the Convention for the Suppression

of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism;

22. Welcomes the March 2009 recommendations of the Security Council

Committee established pursuant to resolution 1540 (2004) to make more effective

use of existing funding mechanisms, including the consideration of the

establishment of a voluntary fund, and affirms its commitment to promote full

implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) by Member States by ensuring effective

and sustainable support for the activities of the 1540 Committee;

23. Reaffirms the need for full implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) by

Member States and, with an aim of preventing access to, or assistance and financing

for, weapons of mass destruction, related materials and their means of delivery by

non-State actors, as defined in the resolution, calls upon Member States to cooperate

actively with the Committee established pursuant to that resolution and the IAEA,

including rendering assistance, at their request, for their implementation of

resolution 1540 (2004) provisions, and in this context welcomes the forthcoming

comprehensive review of the status of implementation of resolution 1540 (2004)

with a view to increasing its effectiveness, and calls upon all States to participate

actively in this review;

24. Calls upon Member States to share best practices with a view to

improved safety standards and nuclear security practices and raise standards of

nuclear security to reduce the risk of nuclear terrorism, with the aim of securing all

vulnerable nuclear material from such risks within four years;

25. Calls upon all States to manage responsibly and minimize to the greatest

extent that is technically and economically feasible the use of highly enriched

uranium for civilian purposes, including by working to convert research reactors and

radioisotope production processes to the use of low enriched uranium fuels and

targets;

26. Calls upon all States to improve their national capabilities to detect,

deter, and disrupt illicit trafficking in nuclear materials throughout their territories,

and calls upon those States in a position to do so to work to enhance international

partnerships and capacity building in this regard;

27. Urges all States to take all appropriate national measures in accordance

with their national authorities and legislation, and consistent with international law,

to prevent proliferation financing and shipments, to strengthen export controls, to

secure sensitive materials, and to control access to intangible transfers of

technology;

28. Declares its resolve to monitor closely any situations involving the

proliferation of nuclear weapons, their means of delivery or related material,

including to or by non-State actors as they are defined in resolution 1540 (2004),

and, as appropriate, to take such measures as may be necessary to ensure the

maintenance of international peace and security;

29. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

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