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Among the Believers

What Jalal Al-e Ahmad Thought Iranian Islamism Could Learn From Zionism

Authors: Bernard Avishai, and Jalal Al-e Ahmad
March/April 2014
Foreign Affairs


In the early 1960s, Jalal Al-e Ahmad was one of Iran's leading literary celebrities, a writer whose works deeply impressed the dissident clerics who would go on to found and lead the Islamic Republic. Born to a devout family in Tehran in 1923, a boy in the bazaar, Al-e Ahmad had drifted away from the faith and eventually earned a degree in Persian literature.

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