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Iraq Timeline 2005

Published October 13, 2005

October 7, 2005
Twenty-nine insurgents are killed in Karabilah, 185 miles west of Baghdad, during the continuing Operation Iron Fist offensive, designed to crush al-Qaeda insurgents near the Syrian border.

October 6, 2005
A combination of suicide bombers and roadside bombs kill twenty-one people in various attacks across Iraq. In Baghdad, a man detonates an explosives-laden belt while traveling in a packed minibus, killing nine and wounding nine. Elsewhere in the capital, a convoy ferrying private security contractors is targeted by a suicide car bomber, who kills three bystanders.

Six Marines die in roadside bomb blasts. Four are killed in Karmah, some forty miles west of Baghdad; two are killed outside of Qaim, 200 miles west of the capital, near the Syrian border.

October 5, 2005
Prayers to mark the beginning of the Islamic month of Ramadan at a Shiite mosque in Hillah, sixty miles south of Baghdad, are cut short by an explosion killing at least twenty-five people and wounding eighty-seven others.

Faced with UN criticism and Sunni anger, Iraq’s National Assembly backtracks on a last-ditch attempt to alter the rules governing the October 15 constitutional referendum that would have made it more difficult for the draft constitution to be rejected.

October 4, 2005
2,500 U.S. troops accompany Iraqi forces as they sweep into three cities along the Euphrates River in an anti-insurgent offensive dubbed Operation River Gate.

A suicide car bomb strikes at the gates of Baghdad’s heavily fortified Green Zone, killing two Iraqi policemen and wounding one.

October 3, 2005
A seven-car convoy carrying the Iraqi oil minister is hit by a roadside bomb in Baghdad. The minister survives; three of his escorts do not.

Five U.S. troops die during military offensives in western Iraq. Three soldiers are killed by a roadside bomb outside of Haqlaniyah, ninety miles north of Baghdad. Two hundred miles west of the capital, in Karabilah, another roadside bomb takes the life of one soldier; one Marine is fatally shot in Taqaddum, near Fallujah.

The UN begins circulating millions of copies of Iraq’s draft constitution in anticipation of the October 15 referendum.

October 2, 2005
Operation Iron Fist continues for a second day as U.S. forces expand their offensive into Karabilah, a town 200 miles west of Baghdad, killing twenty-eight insurgents.

October 1, 2005
U.S. forces launch their anti-insurgent offensive, Operation Iron Fist, in the village of Sadah, eighty miles northwest of Baghdad. Some 1,000 Marines and other troops assault the small village near the border with Syria in an attempt to drive out al-Qaeda linked fighters.

September 30, 2005
A car bomb detonates in a food market in Hillah, a mostly Shiite town sixty miles south of Baghdad, killing five people and wounding thirty.

September 29, 2005
Three coordinated suicide car bombs tear through a food market in Balad, a predominately Shiite town fifty miles north of Baghdad, killing at least ninety-nine and wounding at least 124.

September 28, 2005
Iraq ’s first-known female suicide bomber disguises herself as a man and attacks a line of army recruits in Tal Afar, near the Syrian border, killing six and wounding thirty-five.

A roadside bomb claims the lives of five Marines conducting combat operations in the western town of Ramadi.

September 27, 2005
A suicide bomber sets off an explosion amidst a group of Iraqis applying for jobs in Iraq’s Quick Reaction Police Force in Baqouba, thirty miles north of Baghdad. Nine of the applicants are killed and twenty-one are injured.

Police in Kut, 100 miles southeast of Baghdad, discover the bodies of twenty-two men in civilian clothes—most of them bound and blindfolded—shot in the head.

September 26, 2005
As a Baghdad school is letting out, nine gunmen drag five Shiite teachers and their driver from their van, past a crowd of students, and into an empty classroom, where they line them up against a wall and execute them.

U.S. and Iraqi officials, in an attempt to win support in the coming constitutional referendum, release some 500 detainees from the notorious Abu Ghraib prison near Baghdad to mark the coming Islamic holy month of Ramadan.

A private bus filled with Oil Ministry employees is destroyed by a suicide car bomb at a checkpoint near the ministry. Seven policemen and three bus passengers are killed; thirty-six are wounded.

A roadside bomb claims the lives of two U.S. soldiers in western Baghdad.

Stray mortar shells land in a residential section of Samarra, sixty miles north of Baghdad. One shell hits a house, killing seven members of the family inside.

September 25, 2005
U.S. and Iraqi military personnel, operating on a tip, raid a Baghdad high-rise where they find Abdullah Abu Azzam, a top deputy in the al-Qaeda in Iraq terrorist group. When Azzam refuses to surrender, he is killed.

A convoy of U.S. and Iraqi military personnel takes on small-arms fire as it enters Baghdad’s Sadr city to arrest several members of the al-Mahdi Army, a militia based there. At least five Shiite gunmen are killed in the ensuing ninety-minute shootout.

A suicide car bomber targets an Interior Ministry convoy in Baghdad, killing seven members of the elite commando unit on board along with two civilians. Nineteen people are injured in the attack.

A pair of bicycle bombs target markets in two towns south of Baghdad. In Hillah, sixty miles from the capital, one person is killed and forty-eight are injured. In Musayyib, twenty miles north of Hillah, seven people are killed and seventeen are wounded, including the chief of police.

Baghdad police discover the bodies of seven people. Six of the bodies—including that of a policeman—were bound and shot; the seventh body—a young woman—was strangled and tortured.

Gunmen in Mosul, 225 miles northwest of the capital, trade fire with local police. Stray bullets from the exchange kill two civilians and wound three.

September 24, 2005
A roadside bomb damages a U.S. tank in Beiji, 155 miles north of Baghdad. Eight Iraqi insurgents are killed and six are injured in the exchange of gunfire that follows.

A suicide bomber in a speeding car detonates his vehicle as he reaches a checkpoint in Baghdad. Along with the driver, three Iraqi soldiers and one civilian are killed.

September 23, 2005
A passenger aboard a Baghdad minibus detonates his explosive belt as the vehicle approaches a crowded terminal. At least five people are killed in the blast and eight are wounded.

September 22, 2005
Violence in Ramadi, seventy miles west of Baghdad, claims the lives of two U.S. troops. One soldier dies in a gun battle with insurgents; the other is killed when his vehicle strikes a roadside bomb.

An Iraqi police colonel and his driver are gunned down while driving on a highway some thirty miles north of Baghdad. In Baghdad, gunmen posing as police enter the home of a tile-factory owner, killing him and two of his sons, while kidnapping a third son.

September 21, 2005
Iraqi security forces discover an insurgent safe house in western Baghdad. The ensuing shootout takes the lives of five insurgents, two Iraqi soldiers, and a policeman.

September 20, 2005
Insurgents mount an ambush on fifteen lost vehicles carrying supplies for U.S. forces in the Sunni town of Dhuluiyah, killing four security contractors and wounds two additional contractors, as well as a pair of U.S. soldiers. In response, U.S. war planes mount a series of air strikes on the town, though there are no reports of casualties.

The Mosul bureau chief of As-Safeer an independent Iraqi national newspaper is gunned down in the street two days after one of his reporters was killed.

September 19, 2005
British armored vehicles crash through the walls of a Basra prison, freeing two British soldiers but allowing 150 Iraqi prisoners to escape. The two Britons were arrested earlier in the day for shooting a pair of Iraqi policemen.

The Iraqi Central Criminal Court in Baghdad sentences Ayman Sabawi, Saddam Hussein’s nephew, to life in prison for funding and making bombs for the violent insurgency. It is the first verdict against a family member of the former ruler.

In Ramadi, seventy miles west of Baghdad, a pair of bombs kills four U.S. soldiers amidst fighting. Elsewhere, a car filled with explosives slams into a convoy leaving the U.S. Embassy’s office in Mosul, killing a State Department official and three security contractors.

The body of Fakher Haider, a Basra-based Iraqi journalist and photographer for the New York Times, is found beaten and shot to death. He is the second journalist to be killed in Basra in as many months.

September 18, 2005
Faris Nasir Hussein, a Kurdish lawmaker, is killed along with his brother and driver when their vehicle is ambushed outside of Dujail, fifty miles north of the capital. Haidar Shanoun, another Kurdish member of parliament, is wounded in the attack.

Police discover four bodies in east Baghdad and pull an additional twenty out of the Tigris River near Balad, fifty miles north of Baghdad. The dead are part of retaliatory attacks between Sunni and Shiite militants.

September 17, 2005
A car bomb with a remote trigger kills thirty people in a market in Nahrawan, twenty miles east of Baghdad.

In Baghdad, gunmen ambush a convoy carrying food for the U.S. military, killing two Sudanese truck drivers.

September 16, 2005
A suicide car bomber attacks worshippers leaving a Shiite shrine in Tuz Khormato, 130 miles north of Baghdad, killing a dozen people and wounding twenty-three. A man wearing an explosive belt is detained while en route to a second mosque in the city.

Three day laborers are killed and twelve are injured when gunmen open fire in Baghdad.

September 15, 2005
In Baghdad, two coordinated suicide car bombs explode, killing at least seven policemen. Another suicide bomber in the same neighborhood kills sixteen policemen and five civilians. Three more civilians are killed in Baghdad when a roadside bomb targets a Ministry of Industry bus.

September 14, 2005
Twelve coordinated explosions tear through Baghdad killing at least 167 people and wounding nearly 600. At least 112 day laborers gathered in search of work in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood are killed. Al Qaeda in Iraq claims responsibility for the attacks, which are in retaliation for the Tal Afar military offensive earlier in the week.

In a predawn raid, gunmen sweep through Taji, a Sunni village ten miles north of the capital, rounding up sixteen Iraqi contractors working for the U.S. military and one policeman. The victims are later found handcuffed, blindfolded, and shot to death.

September 13, 2005
U.S. ground and air forces mount an attack on Haditha, an insurgent stronghold 140 miles northwest of Baghdad. Four militants are killed and one is captured.

A roadside bomb outside of Basra hits a convoy of Iraqi security forces and foreign contractors, killing four.

Two Sunni clerics are killed by gunmen in Baquba, thirty-five miles northeast of Baghdad.

Two truck drivers are ambushed and killed in Baghdad while delivering the blast walls that protect potential targets from suicide bombers.

In Hilla, sixty miles south of Baghdad, a bomb on a minibus kills two passengers and injures six.

U.S. troops in Samarra, sixty miles north of Baghdad, kill two insurgents as they plant a roadside bomb.

September 11, 2005
The invasion of Tal Afar concludes after three days of fighting. Though a total of 200 insurgents are killed and over 400 are captured, many escape into the countryside through a network of tunnels. The joint offensive uncovers eighteen weapons caches and a large bomb-making facility.

September 10, 2005
Some 5,000 Iraqi troops, backed up by 3,500 U.S. military personnel, descend upon the insurgent stronghold of Tal Afar, 250 miles north of Baghdad. Some 150 insurgents are killed and forty-eight are captured. Five Iraqi soldiers are killed in the fighting.

September 8, 2005
Police discover the bodies of fourteen people, dressed in civilian clothing and shot to death, near the town of Mahmoudiya, twenty miles south of Baghdad.

September 7, 2005
U.S. and Iraqi forces arrest 200 suspected insurgents—including at least 150 foreign fighters—in Tal Afar, 250 miles north of Baghdad.

Four American U.S. security contractor employees are killed when a roadside bomb flips their vehicle off of a highway near Basra.

A car bombing at a restaurant in central Basra kills sixteen people and injures twenty-one.

September 6, 2005
U.S. forces leave their base in Najaf, 100 miles south of Baghdad, handing over full control of the city to Iraqi security forces.

U.S. and Iraqi forces raid a rebel stronghold in Karabilah, 185 miles west of Baghdad.

September 5, 2005
Two British soldiers are killed when their vehicle is hit by a roadside bomb in Zubeir, twelve miles west of Basra.

Carloads of insurgents armed with rocket-propelled grenades and automatic weapons mount a rapid assault on Iraq’s Interior Ministry in Baghdad. The ensuing firefight kills two policemen and injures five.

Ongoing clashes in Tal Afar, 260 miles north of Baghdad, kill eight civilians, including five children. No casualties among combatants are reported.

September 4, 2005
A series of car bombs aimed at U.S. and Iraqi targets in Hit, eighty-five miles west of Baghdad, kill eight civilians, an Iraqi soldier, and three suicide bombers. U.S. Marines blame al-Qaeda in Iraq for the attacks.

September 3, 2005
Gunmen attack a checkpoint in Baquba, thirty-five miles northeast of Baghdad, killing six Iraqi policemen. A second gunfight kills an additional two policemen.

Three mortar shells fired at a U.S. installation go off target, landing in a residential neighborhood in Samarra, sixty miles north of Baghdad. Four civilians are killed and eleven are injured.

August 31, 2005
Some 950 Shiite pilgrims—mostly women and children—on a Baghdad bridge en route to a mosque are killed in a stampede set off by rumors of a suicide bomber in their midst.

August 30, 2005
Fighting between pro- and anti-government tribes breaks out near the Syrian border in the city of Qaim, 200 miles west of Baghdad, leaving thirty-five members of the Bumahl and Karabila tribes dead.

U.S. air strikes destroy three houses in the towns of Husaybah and Karabilah, some 200 miles west of the Baghdad. Abu Islam, a “known terrorist,” and several of his associates are killed in the attacks, according to a U.S. statement.

August 28, 2005
After a week of negotiations, Iraq’s Constitutional Committee submits a final draft constitution to be voted on in a national referendum October 15. Sunni negotiators, who criticized the document throughout the drafting process, reject the draft.

August 27, 2005
The U.S. military releases nearly 1,000 prisoners from Abu Ghraib prison. The prisoners, who had not committed serious offenses and had admitted to their crimes, renounce violence and pledge to be good citizens.

August 26, 2005
A U.S. air strike in Husaybah, 200 miles west of Baghdad, destroys a building believed to be housing some fifty insurgents.

August 25, 2005
Bodies of thirty-six men are discovered in southeastern Baghdad, alongside a road leading to the Iranian border.

August 24, 2005
The Iraqi Special Tribunal confirms reports that Saddam Hussein fired all but one lawyer in his 1,500-member defense team.

Dozens of insurgents launch an assault against Iraqi police patrols in Baghdad. At least thirteen people die and forty-three are left wounded.

Cleric Muqtada al-Sadr’s followers try to reopen his office in Najaf, which was closed last year, but are blocked by a rival Shiite militia. Four people are left dead, twenty are injured, and Sadr’s office is set ablaze in the fighting that ensues.

In a failed assassination attempt, gunmen open fire on Deputy Justice Minister Awshoo Ibrahim’s convoy in Baghdad. Four bodyguards are killed and five are wounded in the second attempt on Ibrahim’s life in as many days.

August 23, 2005
In an online statement, al-Qaeda in Iraqclaims responsibility for a rocket attack against a U.S. war ship in the Jordanian port of Aqaba, which occurred August 19.

A suicide bomber in Baquba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad, kills one U.S. soldier, one U.S. contactor, an Iraqi policeman, and four Iraqi civilians while wounding 20.

August 22, 2005
Minutes before the already-delayed midnight deadline, Iraq’s constitutional committee submits a draft constitution.

August 19, 2005
Three Sunni election workers, kidnapped a day earlier as they hung voting posters, are killed in front of a crowded mosque in Mosul.

August 18, 2005
Four U.S. soldiers are killed by a roadside bomb in Samarra, sixty miles north of Baghdad.

An Iraqi judge and his driver are killed by gunmen as they travel through Baghdad.

August 17, 2005
In a coordinated attack, two bombs explode at a Baghdad bus station, one detonated by a suicide bomber. Minutes later, another suicide bomb targets the nearby hospital as the wounded begin to arrive. The blasts kill forty-three and injure at least sixty-eight.

Six Iraqi Army recruits en route to a training camp are killed by gunmen who stop their minibus outside of Hawija, some 150 miles north of Baghdad.

A car bomb in Fallujah kills three people, including two children.

A former Iraqi Army Colonel and his son die when they are ambushed by gunmen in Baghdad. Another of the colonel’s sons is kidnapped in the attack.

August 15, 2004
The deadline to produce a draft of the new constitution expires with Iraq’s Constitutional Committee still unable to reach an agreement. The committee grants itself an additional week to produce the document.

August 14, 2005
An Iraqi commando unit discovers thirty bodies in a two-week-old grave in Baghdad. The discovery follows a raid in which thirteen insurgents are arrested, some of whom confess to dumping bodies in the grave.

August 12, 2005
An explosion outside a mosque kills four people, including three children, and injures nineteen in the town of Nasaf, seventy miles west of Baghdad.

Insurgents attack a fuel tanker in Mosul, leaving three civilians dead and two wounded.

Police kill three insurgents as they try to break into a polling station to be used in the October 15 constitutional referendum.

August 10, 2005
Gunmen in Baghdad abduct Brig. Gen. Khudayer Abbas, a senior official in the Iraqi Interior Ministry, which oversees the nation’s police and paramilitary operations.

August 9, 2005
A suicide bomber in downtown Baghdad detonates a car packed with explosives near a U.S. patrol, killing one soldier and six civilians, while wounding ninety.

Using a roadside bomb, rocket-propelled grenades, and small-arms fire, insurgents attack a U.S. patrol in Beiji, 155 miles north of Baghdad, killing four troops and injuring six.

Three almost simultaneous attacks by gunmen in Baghdad kill at least ten Iraqi police officers.

August 7, 2005
Iraqi soldiers in civilian clothing are attacked on their way to work. Three men are killed in the drive-by shooting and one is injured.

A suicide bomber driving an empty fuel tanker detonates his vehicle outside a police station, killing two officers in Tikrit, eighty miles north of Baghdad.

Two Oil Ministry workers are killed and two are injured when gunmen open fire on their vehicle on the outskirts of Baghdad.

August 6, 2005
Two U.S. soldiers die in Samarra, sixty miles north of Baghdad, when a roadside bomb hits their patrol.

August 5, 2005
Insurgents mount a coordinated assault on several Iraqi army posts in Baghdad. U.S. forces help to repel the onslaught, but not before one Iraqi soldier and six attackers are killed and a dozen insurgents arrested.

August 4, 2005
Four Iraqi soldiers are killed when gunmen attack their patrol in Dujail, fifty miles north of Baghdad.

August 3, 2005
In the deadliest roadside bombing against U.S. troops to date, fourteen marines and their translator are killed when a massive explosion destroys their lightly armored vehicle outside the town of Haditha, 140 miles northwest of Baghdad.

Steven Vincent, an American freelance journalist, and his translator are found shot to death in Basra. They had been abducted at gunpoint the previous evening.

Three U.S. soldiers are killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad while on a night patrol. In Ramadi, seventy miles west, a Marine is killed by small arms fire.

August 1, 2005
Six U.S. Marines are killed by small-arms fire when their unit is attacked by insurgents in the town of Haditha, 140 miles northwest of Baghdad. In the town of Hit, fifty miles southeast of Haditha, a marine from the same unit is killed by a car bomb.

July 31, 2005
Two separate roadside bombs claim the lives of five U.S. soldiers in Baghdad.

In Haswa, 30 miles south of Baghdad, a car bomb kills five civilians and wounds ten.

July 30, 2005
A roadside bomb in Basra kills two British security contractors as they travel with a British consulate convoy.

A car bomb near Baghdad’s National Theater kills seven Iraqis, including three police officers.

July 29, 2005
A man detonates a belt full of explosives in the midst of a crowd of Iraqi army recruits in Rabiah, 230 miles north of Baghdad. Al Qaeda in Iraq claims responsibility for the attack, which kills 52 people and injures 93 more. Some of the casualties occur when U.S. and Iraqi security forces, thinking they are under attack, open fire.

July 28, 2005
A train carrying fuel is hit by a roadside bomb. Two people die and six are injured in the explosion.

Insurgents armed with automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades kill two U.S. marines in a village near Haditha about 170 miles west of Baghdad.

July 27, 2005
Al Qaeda in Iraq announces it has killed the two Algerian diplomats who were kidnapped the previous week.

Mortar attacks at a Baghdad bus station leave two people dead and 20 injured.

Seven Iraqi soldiers defending a water plant in Tarmiyah, 30 miles north of Baghdad, are killed in an assault by a score of well-armed insurgents.

Three U.S. soldiers die in two separate bombings, one in Baghdad and one in Samarra, 60 miles north of the capital.

July 26, 2005
Gunmen in cars assault a pair of busses carrying Industry Ministry employees home from work. Sixteen workers die and 27 are injured.

 Sunni delegates resume participation in the constitutional committee, ending a week-long boycott.

July 25, 2005
A suicide bomber detonates a minibus near Baghdad’s Sadeer Hotel, killing five people and injuring at least 18. 

The Ministry of Interior police command station, housed in one of Saddam’s former palaces, is targeted in a suicide attack. Two people are killed and four are injured.

July 24, 2005
A suicide attacker drives a truck filled with explosives into sand barriers outside a Baghdad police station. At least 39 people die in the massive explosion, which leaves a gaping crater and dozens of burning shops and vehicles in its wake.

Four U.S. soldiers are killed when their vehicle runs over a roadside bomb in Baghdad.

July 22, 2005
Two Iraqi police patrols come under fire from insurgents in Baghdad. Three are killed and three more are injured.

July 21, 2005
Two Algerian diplomats are abducted in Baghdad when gunmen stop their car and drag them from the vehicle.

Suicide bombings at two checkpoints in Mahmoudiyah and Bueitha, southern suburbs of Baghdad, kill six Iraqi soldiers. A string of other attacks in and around the capital claims eight more lives.

July 20, 2005
A suicide bomber detonates an explosive belt at the entrance to a frequently targeted recruiting station in Baghdad.  Ten people are killed and 21 are injured.

Sunni members of the constitutional committee, in response to the assassination of two Sunni delegates, suspend their participation in the committee.

July 19, 2005
Two Sunni members of Iraq’s constitutional committee are assassinated along with a bodyguard in a drive-by shooting just outside the walls of Baghdad’s Green Zone.

Gunmen kill 13 Iraqis when they ambush the bus carrying them to work at the U.S. air base in Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad.

A British research group, Iraq Body Count, releases a report claiming that 25,000 civilians have died in violence in Iraq since the start of the U.S. invasion.

July 18, 2005
A series of small ambushes and shootings throughout Baghdad and central Iraq claim the lives of 24 police, soldiers, and government workers.

U.S. forces kill four insurgents as they prepare to launch mortar rounds in Tal Afar, 250 miles north of Baghdad.

July 17, 2005
Iraq’s Special Tribunal files its first criminal case against Saddam Hussein and three aides for their roles in the 1982 massacre of dozens of Shiite villagers in the town of Dujail, 50 miles north of Baghdad. If convicted, they could face the death penalty.

A bomb explodes in Baghdad while police are inspecting two bodies left on the road, apparently as a trap. Two officers and one civilian die in the blast. An hour later, a suicide car bomber targets a police convoy, killing three officers and four civilian.

A suicide car bomber misses a U.S. convoy in Baghdad, plowing into a pair of minibuses instead. Six civilians are killed.

July 16, 2005
In one of the deadliest suicide attacks since the start of the U.S. occupation, a man wrapped in explosives detonates himself under an oil tanker at a gas station in a crowded area of Musayyib, about 40 miles south of Baghdad. At least 90 people are killed and 150 are injured.

A suicide bomber blows himself up next to a Mosul police station, killing five officers.

A roadside bomb in the city of Amarah, 180 miles southeast of Baghdad, hits a British patrol, killing three and wounding two.

The Pentagon announces charges against 11 U.S. soldiers suspected of assaulting seven Iraqis they captured during an attack on a power plant in Baghdad.

July 15, 2005
A dozen explosions aimed at U.S. and Iraqi forces sweep across Baghdad throughout the day. Altogether the attacks claim 33 lives and leave 111 wounded. One of the bombs, detonated near President Jalal Talabani’s residence, kills four guards.

July 14, 2005
U.S. forces operating in Ramadi, some 50 miles west of Baghdad, arrest Khamis Farhan Khalaf Abd al-Fahdawi, a senior lieutenant of al Qaeda in Iraq and a top suspect in previous week’s murder of the chief Egyptian diplomat in Iraq.

After a suicide bomber detonates a car bomb at a checkpoint near the Baghdad’s Green Zone, two men wearing explosive vests approach the checkpoint. One detonates his vest; the other is shot and apprehended. Two policemen die in the attack.

Two U.S. Marines conducting combat operations near the Jordanian border are killed when a roadside bomb destroys their vehicle.

Five Iraqi employees of a U.S. base in Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad, are shot and killed while driving outside the base.

July 13, 2005
Twenty-seven people, including 18 children and one soldier, are killed and at least 70 are injured when a suicide car bomber speeds into U.S. troops handing out candy to children in Baghdad.

July 12, 2005
Four members of the local International Organization for Human Rights, including the head of the organization, are killed when gunmen storm their Baghdad office.

July 11, 2005
U.S. troops kill 10 insurgents in a firefight in Tal Afar, 250 miles north of Baghdad.

Insurgents firing mortars and automatic weapons assault a police checkpoint in Khalis, 45 minutes north of Baghdad, killing eight Iraqi soldiers. Ninety minutes later, a nearby car bomb hits an Iraqi army patrol, killing two more Iraqi troops.

July 10, 2005
An attacker detonates an explosive vest outside a Baghdad army recruitment center, killing 25 and wounding 47.

In Mosul, a suicide bar bomber rams into the convoy carrying Brig. Gen. Salim Salih Meshaal, killing four police officers.

A suicide bomber kills four civilians by detonating a car bomb on a highway in Kirkuk, 180 miles north of Baghdad. A bomb in a parked car, apparently targeting security forces responding to the first blast, is discovered and safely detonated by U.S. soldiers.

A pair of suicide car bombers attack a checkpoint along the Syrian border, killing seven Iraqi customs officials.

Eight members of a Shiite family-a mother and seven children ranging in age from 2 to 19 years-old-are shot to death while asleep in their Baghdad home in the early morning.

July 7, 2005
Al Qaeda in Iraq announces that it has executed the Egyptian diplomat Ihab al-Sherif, four days after his abduction. The Egyptian government confirms his death.

July 5, 2005
In separate ambushes, gunmen attack convoys carrying the senior diplomats from Bahrain and Pakistan in Iraq as they drive through the streets of Baghdad. Hassan Malallah al-Ansari, the Bahraini diplomat, is treated at a hospital for a gunshot wound to the hand. The Pakistani ambassador, Muhammad Yunis Khan, is unharmed, though the attack prompts Pakistan to announce the diplomat’s withdrawal from Iraq.

July 2, 2005
A suicide bomber with explosives hidden beneath his clothing targets a police recruitment center in Baghdad, killing 16 people and wounding 22.

In Hillah, 60 miles south of Baghdad, an attacker detonates an explosive belt at a police checkpoint, killing six police officers. Ten minutes later, a second suicide bomber wounds 26 people in the crowd of police and civilians that gathered at the scene.

The head of the Egyptian diplomatic mission to Iraq, Ihab al-Sherif, is pistol-whipped and forced into the trunk of a car by kidnappers when he stops to buy a newspaper in western Baghdad.

July 1, 2005
Gunmen kill Kamal Ezz al-Deen al-Ghuraifi, an aide to leading Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, and two of his bodyguards in a drive-by shooting outside a Baghdad mosque.

In Baghdad, a suicide bomber detonates a car bomb outside the party offices of Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari, killing one guard and wounding another.

A mortar attack at a power station causes a water plant to shut down, leaving millions of Baghdad residents with no running water in 100-degree temperatures.

June 29, 2005
A roadside bomb in Baghdad kills an Oregon woman, Deborah Dawn Klecker, working with a Texas firm as a police liaison officer.

June 28, 2005
A suicide bomber kills a Shiite member of parliament-87-year-old Dhari Ali al-Fayadh-his son, and two bodyguards in Rashidiya, 20 miles northeast of Baghdad.

Car bombs kill two U.S. soldiers; one in Balad and the other in Tikrit.

A car bomb in Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad, kills five people and injures nine others.

Gunmen kill a local city council member, Sabah Hussein, as he drives to work in Mansur.

June 27, 2005
A car bomb explodes between a movie house and a mosque in eastern Baghdad, killing seven people.

An Apache attack helicopter crashes in Mishahda, 25 miles northwest of Baghdad, killing two U.S. crewmen.

A car bomb kills four people and wounds 33 others at a crowded market in Baghdad’s Jadida district.

Two people die in a drive-by shooting in southern Baghdad.

June 26, 2005
Insurgents kill three people at a barbershop in Baghdad’s Jadida district. Barbershops are the target of some Muslim extremists who believe men’s beards should remain long, authorities said.

A suicide bomber rams his vehicle into a police compound in Mosul, killing 12 people.

A suicide bomber kills 15 and wounds another 15 at an Iraqi army base in Kesik, near Mosul.

A roadside bomb kills a U.S. soldier and wounds two others in Baghdad.

A suicide bomber kills five police officers on guard at a teaching hospital in Mosul.

June 25, 2005
The bodies of eight policemen are found in Ramadi, one day after they were allegedly kidnapped.

Gunmen kill two policemen patrolling western Baghdad.

June 24, 2005
U.S. troops shoot and kill an Iraqi reporter working for a Knight-Ridder, an American news organization, after he did not respond to a shouted signal from a military convoy in Baghdad.

A suicide bomber trailed by five cars loaded with armed insurgents attacks the home of an Iraqi special forces police officer in Samarra, killing nine people.

Three mortar rounds kill five civilians and injure seven at a crowded cafe in western Baghdad.

Gunmen kill three policemen in Amarah, 180 miles southeast of Baghdad.

June 23, 2005
Simultaneous car bombs in Karradah, central Baghdad’s shopping district, kill 15 civilians and injure 28 others.

An ambush of a U.S. military convoy in Fallujah kills four Marines-including a female Marine-leaves two other troops missing and presumed dead, and injures 13 other troops.

U.S. and Iraqi troops kill seven insurgents in a home in western Baghdad’s Jamiaa neighborhood.

June 22, 2005
Four car bombs, which explode within minutes of each other, kill 23 people and injure 56 others in and around western Baghdad’s Shula neighborhood. Gunmen kill a prominent Sunni law professor, Jassim al-Issawi, and his son in the same neighborhood.

Three U.S. soldiers are killed by small-arms fire during combat operations near Ramadi.

A suicide car bomber attacks an Iraqi army patrol in Baghdad’s western Amariya suburb, killing four bystanders.

A roadside bomb kills two policemen in Madain, 14 miles southeast of Baghdad.

A car bomb targeting a U.S. military convoy kills three Iraqi civilians and wounds three others west of Ramadi.

A car bomb kills three Iraqis and injures seven in Mosul.

June 21, 2005
A roadside bomb kills a U.S. soldier in Rutbah in western Iraq.

June 20, 2005
A suicide bomber kills 15 traffic police officers and wounds 100 people outside the unit’s headquarters in the northern Kurdish city of Irbil.

A bomb kills a U.S. soldier on patrol near Tal Afar, 90 miles east of the Syrian border.

A suicide bomber kills five soldiers at an army checkpoint in Kirkuk.

A suicide bomber kills a Kurdish town’s security director and three of his bodyguards while they are traveling in a convoy.

Insurgents kill eight officers and an eight-month old baby at a Baghdad police station.

Gunmen kill three members of the Kurdish peshmerga near a camp in the town of Hit.

June 19, 2005
A suicide bomber detonates his charges in a popular Baghdad restaurant during lunchtime, killing 23 people. The cafe is located just 400 yards from the Green Zone.

A wave of insurgent attacks across the country kill two soldiers, two police officers, and 18 civilians.

June 17, 2005
A suicide bomber slams his car into a fuel tanker in Baghdad’s eastern suburbs, killing two people and injuring six others.

For the first time, Saddam Hussein’s lawyer is permitted to attend an interrogation session with his client.

June 16, 2005
Six masked gunmen kill a judge and his bodyguard in an eastern Mosul neighborhood.

After weeks of deadlock, Sunni Arabs accept a compromise offer to increase their representation on the Shiite-led parliament committee set up to draft a constitution.

A suicide bomber kills eight police officers and wounds 25 when he rams his car into their truck in Baghdad.

June 15, 2005
A militant strapped with more than 100 pounds of explosives kills 26 Iraqi soldiers in a crowded mess hall at an army base in Khalis, 45 miles north of Baghdad.

After seven weeks of captivity, Iraqi and U.S. troops free Australian hostage Douglas Wood.

Five marines are killed when their vehicle is attacked near Ramadi.

Gunfire kills a U.S. sailor in Ramadi.

Mortar shells kill five Iraqis at a well-known Baghdad restaurant. Authorities suspect a nearby police headquarters is the actual target.

In eastern Baghdad, a suicide car bomber kills 10, including eight police officers.

Insurgents kidnap and kill two senior officials in Kirkuk’s anti-terrorist squad, their driver, and another passenger.

A suicide car bomb kills five Iraqi soldiers at a checkpoint in Kanan, 30 miles north of Baghdad.

Insurgents kill seven people in the northern town of Tal Afar.

June 14, 2005
A suicide bomber kills 23 people outside a bank in Kirkuk.

Separate roadside bomb attacks in southern Baghdad kill two U.S. soldiers.

Two marines die during combat operations near Falluja.

U.S. and Iraqi forces kill five civilians after they ignored warning signals to stop at a Ramadi checkpoint minutes after a suicide bomber blows himself up, killing an Iraqi soldier.

U.S. forces arrest Mohammed Khalaf, the leader of the Mosul branch of al Qaeda in Iraq. Khalaf is considered a top aide to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.

Two Bulgarian soldiers die in a car accident in the city of Diwaniya, where 400 Bulgarian soldiers are stationed.

June 13, 2005
A suicide bomber targeting a U.S. convoy in Baghdad kills a six-year-old girl.

In western Baghdad, a car bomb kills one Iraqi soldier and injures three others.

A suicide bomber kills two police officers and injures six others in Tikrit.

June 12, 2005
An attack on a military convoy kills a British soldier and injures four others in southern Iraq.

In western Baghdad, insurgents attack two police stations, an Iraq army barracks, and a checkpoint; three civilians are killed.

A suicide bomber kills four policemen in eastern Baghdad.

Insurgents kill nine soldiers at an army checkpoint in Youssifiyah, 10 miles south of Baghdad.

A drive-by shooting in Dora kills two police sergeants.

A car bomb kills two police commandos in Madain, 15 miles southeast of Baghdad.

In the northern city of Tuz Khormato, a suicide car bomber, targeting a U.S. convoy near the headquarters of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, kills two Iraqis.

A suicide attacker in a car filled with explosives attacks the Iraqi Oil Ministry in Baghdad, killing two security guards at the heavily fortified complex.

June 11, 2005
A former member of the Wolf Brigade, an Iraqi militia composed of roughly 2,000 fighters, kills three people when he blows himself up at the heavily guarded headquarters of an Iraqi police unit in Baghdad.

Gunmen open fire on a minibus in Diyara, killing 11 Iraqi construction workers.

Gunmen attack an Interior Ministry commando convoy in Baghdad’s Mansour area, killing three Iraqi troops.

Two oil ministry employees are shot to death in southern Baghdad.

An explosion in a cemetery in Najaf kills two Iraqis.

A four-hour bombardment near the Anbar province city of Qaim kills 40 insurgents, according to the marines.

June 10, 2005
A roadside bomb kills two marines near the volatile Anbar province town of Saqlawiya, west of Falluja.

The bodies of 21 Iraqis are found scattered in various locations in an area close to the Syrian border.

In southern Basra, gunmen kill the dean of the city’s police academy.

A car bomb kills 10 people outside a takeaway restaurant in northwestern Baghdad.

June 9, 2005
Five marines die during combat operations near the town of Haqlaniyah, 90 miles north of Baghdad.

Gunmen kill a Lebanese businessman during a failed kidnap attempt in Baghdad.

June 8, 2005
A roadside bomb kills a U.S. soldier near Adwar, 10 miles south of Tikrit.

June 7, 2005
Three explosions in and around Hawija, 40 miles southwest of Kirkuk, kill 34 people; the deadliest kills 10 people at a checkpoint in Dibis, on the outskirts of Hawija.

A pair of U.S. Marines dies in separate roadside bomb attacks near Falluja.

An attack on a U.S. military base in Tikrit kills two U.S. soldiers.

A roadside bomb north of Baghdad kills a U.S. soldier attached to the First Corps Support Command.

A U.S. soldier dies of non-combat related injuries near Baghdad International Airport.

June 3, 2005
A suicide bomb in a remote village north of Baghdad kills 10 Iraqis.

Gunmen kill an Iraqi contractor in charge of renovating a mosque in western Samarra.

A suicide bomber kills 10 Iraqis and wounds 10 more at a home in Saud, a remote village near Balad, about 50 miles north of Baghdad.

In Tuz Khormato, a suicide bomber kills 12 people who had stopped for lunch at the popular highway stop 55 miles south of Kirkuk.

A suicide bomber, trying to attack a convoy of civilian contract workers in Kirkuk, kills a young boy and three other Iraqi bystanders.

Two parked motorcycles rigged with explosives kill five Iraqis near a coffee shop in Mosul.

Gunmen kill Shiite cleric Ali Abdul Hussein outside his home in Basra.

June 2, 2005
An explosion at a restaurant in Tuz Khormato in the northern part of the country kills 12 people.

A suicide car bomb targeting a Northern Oil Company facility in Kirkuk kills a four-year-old and wounds 11 others.

An attack on security forces in Mosul kills five people.

A suicide car bomb in Baquba kills four, including a deputy provincial council leader.

A firefight between insurgents and police in Baiji, 130 miles north of Baghdad, kills a Turkish truck driver. Two members of the security forces die in the shootout.

In Siniyah, 150 miles north of Baghdad, a mortar attack kills an Iraqi soldier.

A roadside bomb kills four people in the northern region of Shorgat.

June 1, 2005
A roadside bomb near Ramadi kills a U.S. soldier.

Mortars kill three Iraqi children and their uncle outside their Baghdad home.

A drive-by shooting in Baghdad’s Amil district leaves two policemen dead.

May 31, 2005
Four Italian troops die in a helicopter crash eight miles south of Nasiriyah.

Gunmen kill a journalist for the Iraqi state TV channel, al-Iraqiya, in Mosul.

A suicide bomber kills two Iraqi soldiers at an army checkpoint near Buhriz, about 35 miles north of Baghdad.

May 30, 2005
A single-engine plane crashes near Jalula, 80 miles northeast of Baghdad, killing four Americans and an Iraqi pilot. The aircraft was used by the Iraqi air force for surveillance and personnel transport.

Two suicide bombers in Hillah, 60 miles south of Baghdad, kill 30 people, part of a crowd of 500 police officers outside the mayor’s office protesting a government decision to disband a police special forces unit.

A roadside bomb kills one civilian and injures two others in Adhaim, 30 miles north of Baquba.

Iraqi soldiers kill two insurgents in Mosul and four other insurgents in northern Anbar province.

Gunmen kill Sunni Muslim tribal leader, Sheik Bishar Abdul Karim al-Dobradani, outside his home in Mosul.

May 29, 2005
Insurgents attack two police stations, an Iraqi army barracks, and a checkpoint in western Baghdad, killing three civilians at Baghdad’s police Major Crime Unit.

A suicide car bomb in Amariyah in eastern Baghdad kills four policemen.

Insurgents retaliate against Iraqi forces during a routine sweep of vehicles at checkpoints, killing 27 people, including a British soldier.

Gunmen in Kirkuk kill Major General Ahmed al-Barazanchi, director of internal affairs of Kirkuk province and a former police chief.

Police in Rawah find the corpse of Raja Nawaf Farhan al-Mahalawi, governor of Anbar province. He was abducted May 10 near Qaim, a town near the Syrian border.

May 28, 2005
A Lebanese interpreter working for U.S. forces is killed in Baghdad in a drive-by shooting.

Three suicide bombs kill six Iraqis and wound 58 others at the Sinjar Army Base in northwest Iraq.

Insurgents open fire on a vehicle, killing three people, including two soldiers, on a road near Latifiyah.

May 27, 2005
A suicide bomber kills seven people, including three police officers, in Tikrit.

May 26, 2005
A reconnaissance helicopter is shot down 35 miles north of Baghdad, killing two U.S. soldiers.

A suicide car bomber attacks an Iraqi police convoy in Baghdad, killing three policemen and two other Iraqis and wounding 17.

Insurgents kill Fakri Abed al-Amri, a member of the Shiite Muslim Dawa Party headed by Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari, at al-Amri’s brother’s home in Baghdad.

Militants gun down Professor Moussa Salum, a deputy dean at Baghdad’s Mustansiriya University, and three of his bodyguards, in Baghdad.

Gunmen kill four Iraqis, including a translator working for the U.S. military, in Baghdad.

May 25, 2005
Around 1,000 U.S. and Iraqi troops search homes and seize suspected insurgents in Haditha, about 140 miles northwest of Baghdad. Ten insurgents are killed; two U.S. marines are wounded.

In Mosul, gunmen kill Mikhlif Khalaf, police chief of the northern town of Sharqat.

May 24, 2005
A car bomb kills three U.S. soldiers on patrol in Baghdad.

A car bomb kills two and wounds eight near an Iraqi police convoy in Baghdad.

May 23, 2005
Two suicide car bombs kill 15 Iraqis outside the home of Hasan Bagdash, a Shiite Turkmen politician, in Tal Afar, about 90 miles east of the Syrian border. Bagdash survived the attack.

A suicide truck bomb kills five people and wounds 18 outside the office of the mayor of Tuz Khurmatu, about 120 miles north of Baghdad.

A roadside bomb kills four U.S. soldiers south of Baghdad.

Gunmen kill Wael Rubaie, an official of the Ministry of State for National Security, and his driver, in Baghdad.

A car bomb kills 11 Iraqis and wounds more than 110 outside a Baghdad restaurant.

A suicide car bomber kills 21 people and wounds 23 outside a Shiite mosque in Mahmoudiya, 25 miles south of Baghdad.

Two suicide bombers, one in a car and the other on foot, kill four Iraqis and wound four U.S. soldiers outside a U.S. base in Samarra.

May 22, 2005
A car bomb kills three U.S. soldiers in Mosul. Another car bomb kills one U.S. soldier in Tikrit.

May 19, 2005
Insurgents kill eight Iraqis in Mosul during an attack on the house of Fawwaz al-Jarba, a Sunni Muslim elected to parliament as a member of a Shiite-dominated coalition. Al-Jarba survives the attack.

In Baghdad, gunmen kill an Oil Ministry official outside his home, and a car bomb kills two people and wounds five near a Shiite mosque. A roadside bomb kills two policemen in Baquba, about 40 miles northeast of Baghdad. Another roadside bomb kills a policeman and wounds three more in Iskandariya, 25 miles south of Baghdad. Gunmen kill a local police chief in Anbar Province. A police officer and his father are shot dead in Samarra, 60 miles north of Baghdad.

May 17, 2005
Insurgents kill 21 Iraqis: six truck drivers delivering supplies to U.S. forces north of Baghdad, three policemen in Mosul; in Baghdad, two government officials, a former member of the Baath Party and his three grown sons, two Iraqi soldiers, a Shiite cleric and his driver, and two Sunni clerics.

A roadside bomb kills a U.S. soldier and wounds another in Tikrit, 110 miles north of Baghdad.

May 15, 2005
Police find the corpses of 12 Iraqi men in northeastern Baghdad, 13 bodies in eastern Baghdad, and 11 more near Iskandariya, 25 miles south of Baghdad.

Militants armed with bombs and mortars kill four Iraqi soldiers and wound four more in an attack on a fire station in Khan Bani Saad, about 15 miles northeast of Baghdad.

Two suicide bombers kill five Iraqis in Baquba, about 40 miles northeast of Baghdad.

May 14, 2005
Police find the bodies of 10 Iraqi soldiers in Ramadi, about 50 miles west of Baghdad.

May 13, 2005
A car bomb kills five Iraqis in Baiji, about 130 miles north of Baghdad.

May 12, 2005
A roadside bomb kills four marines and wounds 14 during a military operation in western Iraq.

Four car bombs in Baghdad and one in Kirkuk kill 21 people and wound more than 70.

May 11, 2005
A suicide bomber kills 38 people and wounds more than 80 in Tikrit.

A suicide bomber kills 32 and wounds more than 40 outside a national guard recruitment center in Hawija, about 150 miles north of Baghdad.

May 10, 2005
Iraq’s transitional national assembly names a 55-member committee to draft the country’s permanent constitution.

May 9, 2005
Hashim al-Shibli, who had been named human rights minister May 7, announces he will not accept the post.

The U.S. military announces it has killed more than 100 insurgents in an offensive in Anbar province in western Iraq.

Iraqi police find the bodies of a senior Iraqi border policeman and five of his relatives in Markab al-Tair, a village near the Syrian border.

A suicide car bomb kills three Iraqis and wounds eight at a police checkpoint in southern Baghdad. Another blast targeting a police patrol in the same area kills two Iraqis and wounds a policeman.

May 8, 2005
Gunmen kill a senior transportation ministry official, Yasser Khudair Almaaini, and his driver in Baghdad.

Attacks by insurgents kill six U.S. servicemen in separate attacks in the towns of Qaim and Obeidi, both near the Syrian border, about 185 miles west of Baghdad.

May 7, 2005
The Iraqi National Assembly approves new defense, human rights, oil, electricity, and industry ministers.

Suicide bombers attack a U.S. private security convoy and kill two U.S. security contractors and 22 Iraqis.

A suicide car bomb kills three U.S. Marines in Haditha, about 140 miles northwest of Baghdad.

May 6, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills 58 Iraqi civilians and wounds 44 more in Suwayra, about 30 miles south of Baghdad.

A suicide car bomber drives into a police bus and kills 10 Iraqi policemen in Tikrit, 110 miles north of Baghdad.

Iraqi police unearth the bodies of 14 Iraqi men in a garbage dump in Baghdad.

May 4, 2005
A suicide bomber kills 60 prospective policemen and wounds more than 200 others inside a police recruitment office in the Kurdish provincial capital of Erbil, 220 miles north of Baghdad.

May 3, 2005
Iraq’s first fully and freely elected government takes power as new cabinet members are sworn into office. Several key cabinet positions remain unfilled.

Insurgents kill two Iraqi civilians and one Iraqi soldier at a checkpoint in Ramadi, about 50 miles west of Baghdad. Twelve insurgents are also killed.

May 2, 2005
U.S. troops kill nine insurgents after they stop a truck carrying a dozen armed men and are fired upon, in Al Qaim, near the Syrian border.

A string of car bombs kills 12 people in neighborhoods in and around Baghdad and a child in Mosul.

May 1, 2005
A car bomb kills 35 and wounds more than 80 at the funeral of Sayed Talib Sayed Wahab, an official of the Kurdish Democratic Party, in Tal Afar, about 90 miles east of the Syrian border.

Six car bombs, one of them a suicide attack, and five roadside explosions kill six Iraqis, wound more than 20 civilians, six Iraqi police officers, and five U.S. soldiers in Baghdad.

Insurgents kill five Iraqi policemen at a checkpoint in Baghdad.

April 30, 2005
Syria announces it is restoring diplomatic relations with Iraq after a break of more than two decades.

April 29, 2005
A coordinated series of car bomb attacks targeting Iraqi security forces kills 27 Iraqis, seven of them civilians, and injures more than 100 in and around Baghdad.

April 28, 2005
Iraq’s National Assembly votes overwhelmingly to approve a cabinet, creating the first fully and freely elected government in Iraqi history. The assembly’s political factions continue negotiations on candidates for five ministries--defense, oil, electricity, industry, and human rights.

April 27, 2005
Insurgents assassinate Lamia Abed Khadouri, a newly elected member of the National Assembly, at her home in Baghdad.

April 24, 2005
Two bombs kill 15 Iraqis and wound nearly 60 near the Shiite Ahl al-Beit mosque in Baghdad.

April 23, 2005
U.S. soldiers capture six men suspected of shooting down a civilian helicopter April 21 in Baghdad.

A bomb kills 9 Iraqi soldiers and wounds 20 near Abu Ghraib prison, west of Baghdad.

A car bomber wounds three U.S. servicemen and seven Iraqi soldiers on a street that adjoins the road to Baghdad International Airport.

Gunmen assassinate the prison director for Nineveh Province, Colonel Khalid Najim Abdallah, in Mosul.

April 22, 2005
A car bomb kills nine people and wounds 24 outside a Shiite mosque in Baghdad.

A roadside bomb kills a U.S. soldier and wounds another north of Tal Afar, about 90 miles east of the border with Syria.

April 21, 2005
Eleven people, including six Americans from the security firm Blackwater USA working for the U.S. military, are killed when a commercial helicopter crashes near Baghdad. The Islamic Army of Iraq, a jihadist group, says it brought down the helicopter and executed a survivor.

April 20, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills one and wounds four near the headquarters of Iraqi interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi’s political party in Baghdad.

Iraqi President Jalal Talabani says the bodies of more than 50 people he believes to be Shiites killed by Sunni extremists were recovered from the Tigris River.

Nineteen Iraqis are lined up against a wall and shot to death in a soccer stadium in the town of Haditha, about 140 miles northwest of Baghdad.

Three suicide car bombs, including one targeting a U.S. convoy, and several shootings kill six Iraqis in Baghdad.

One Iraqi policeman is killed and two seriously wounded when their patrol is hit by a roadside bomb in Mowailha, south of Baghdad.

April 19, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills two members of the Iraqi army and two recruits and wounds 38 others near the Adhamiya Palace in northern Baghdad.

April 18, 2005
Ten insurgents dressed in Iraqi military uniforms kill Iraqi Lieutenant General Adnan Qaragholi, an adviser to interim Defense Minister Hazem Shaalan, and his son at their home in southern Baghdad.

April 17, 2005
Insurgents kill Brigadier General Younis Mohammad Sulaiman, the Mosul police public information officer, as he drives to work.

April 16, 2005
Three U.S. soldiers die in a mortar attack in Ramadi, about 50 miles west of Baghdad.

A bomb kills 10 Iraqi police officers and three others in a crowded restaurant in Baquba, about 40 miles northeast of Baghdad.

April 15, 2005
A suicide bomber steers his car into an Iraqi police patrol and kills four officers in Mahaweel, 40 miles south of Baghdad. Another three bomb attacks in Baghdad wound nine people.

April 14, 2005
Two suicide car bombs detonate in quick succession near an Interior Ministry building in central Baghdad and kill 15 Iraqis. More than 30 are injured. A third blast in the same area several hours later kills one person.

A car bomb near a U.S. military base in Tikrit kills four Iraqis and wounds nine. A U.S. soldier and two Iraqi troops are wounded.

In Latifiya, 25 miles south of Baghdad, gunmen assassinate the mayor.

April 12, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills four Iraqis and wounds seven near a U.S. military convoy in Mosul.

The Iraqi government announces the capture at a farm northeast of Baghdad of Fadhil Ibrahim Mahmoud al-Mashadani, a former official in Saddam Hussein’s government accused of coordinating and financing a series of insurgent attacks.

April 11, 2005
Hundreds of Iraqi troops and commandos backed by U.S. soldiers capture 65 suspected insurgents in central and southern Baghdad in one of the largest raids in the capital since the fall of Saddam Hussein.

Kidnappers abduct a U.S. contractor, Jeffrey Ake, in Baghdad.

A pickup truck packed with explosives kills at least 3 people and wounds 20 near a U.S. military convoy in Samarra, 60 miles north of Baghdad.

Three suicide car bombers drive into a checkpoint outside a U.S. base and wound three marines in northwestern Iraq, near the Syrian border.

April 7, 2005
Iraq’s new president, Jalal Talabani, names the Shiite leader Ibrahim al-Jaafari prime minister.

April 5, 2005
Iraq’s transitional assembly elects Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani to the largely symbolic post of Iraqi president. Shiite Arab Adel Abdel Mahdi, a member of the United Iraqi Alliance who served as interim finance minister, and Sunni Arab Sheikh Ghazi al-Yawar, who served as the interim president, are elected vice presidents.

April 4, 2005
A bomb in an abandoned taxi kills one U.S. soldier and wounds four others in southern Baghdad.

A bomb in a parked car kills an Iraqi civilian and wounds two others in Amiriya on Baghdad’s western outskirts.

General Jalal Mohammed Salah, the commander of an Iraqi mechanized armored brigade, is kidnapped.

April 3, 2005
The Iraqi National Assembly appoints Hajim M. al-Hassani, a prominent Sunni Arab and the minister of industry in the interim government, as speaker, and Hussain al-Shahristani, a nuclear physicist and leading Shiite Arab, and Arif Taifour, a Kurd, as his deputies.

April 2, 2005
Seven suicide car bombers and 40 to 60 insurgents armed with an array of weapons attack the U.S.-controlled Abu Ghraib prison. Twenty U.S. soldiers and marines are wounded.

A car bomb kills four Iraqi policemen and one civilian at a police station in the town of Khan Bani Saad, 10 miles north of Baghdad.

March 31, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills two Iraqi army soldiers and two civilians in a crowd of Shiites celebrating a religious holiday in the northern city of Tuz Khurmato, about 100 miles north of Baghdad.

A suicide car bomber rams a U.S. military vehicle, killing one Iraqi civilian and wounding seven in Samarra, 60 miles north of Baghdad. No Americans are injured.

March 30, 2005
Militants launch three attacks on Shiite pilgrims on their way to Karbala for a religious festival. Gunmen open fire on a minibus and wound eight near Latifiya, 25 miles south of Baghdad. A second group of gunmen kill one and injure two in a car near the town of Mahaweel, 40 miles south of Baghdad. A suicide bomber on a bicycle rides into a police patrol protecting pilgrims and kills two officers, also near Mahaweel.

March 25, 2005
A suicide bomber kills three Iraqi soldiers and wounds six others in an attack on an Iraqi military convoy in Iskandariya, 25 miles south of Baghdad.

March 24, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills 11 Iraqi special police commandos and wounds nine others in Ramadi.

Militants shoot five Iraqi women dead as they leave work at a U.S. military base in southern Baghdad.

March 23, 2005
Iraqi and U.S. forces kill 85 insurgents during a raid on a guerrilla training camp 50 miles northwest of Baghdad. Seven Iraqi police officers are killed and six wounded.

March 22, 2005
A roadside bomb meant for a U.S. military patrol kills four civilians in Mosul.

Militants ambush a convoy carrying Iraqi security force officials, including a senior police officer, Brigadier General Abu Al-Waled, in front of a mosque in Mosul. Police kill 17 militants and capture 14. None of the security troops are killed.

March 20, 2005
Iraqi insurgents ambush a U.S. military convoy, igniting a battle that leaves 24 of the attackers dead and 7 wounded. Six U.S. soldiers are wounded in the ambush, at Salman Pak, 12 miles southeast of Baghdad.

March 19, 2005
A bomb kills three Iraqi police officers in Kirkuk in a funeral procession for a fellow officer shot by insurgents the day before.

March 16, 2005
Iraq’s first freely elected parliament in a half-century meets for the first time in the heavily fortified International Zone in central Baghdad.

A suicide car bomber kills three Iraqi soldiers and wounds 12 more at an army checkpoint in Baquba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad.

March 12, 2005
Gunmen kill three Iraqi police officers as they drive to a colleague’s funeral in Mosul.

A roadside bomb kills two U.S. security contractors south of Baghdad.

March 10, 2005
A suicide bomber kills 53 people at a funeral inside a Shiite mosque in Mosul.

The White House announces President Bush has chosen Zalmay Khalilzad, the U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, to become the new ambassador in Baghdad.

March 9, 2005
Twenty bodies, including those of male and female civilians, are found in a remote valley near the Syrian border.

Gunmen fire on the car of Iraq’s interim planning minister, Mahdi al-Hafidh, in Baghdad. Two of the minister’s guards are killed and a third is seriously wounded. Hafidh is not injured.

A suicide bomber detonates a garbage truck full of explosives in a parking lot next to Baghdad’s Sadr Hotel, which houses a number of foreign contractors. One Iraqi policeman is killed; more than 40 are wounded, including 30 U.S. contractors.

A suicide car bomber kills two Iraqi military officers and a civilian at an army base in Habbaniya, 50 miles west of Baghdad.

A roadside bomb kills two Iraqi police officers and wounds five others in Basra.

March 8, 2005
Gunmen assassinate Major General Ghazi Mohammed, a senior Iraqi interior ministry official, in a drive-by shooting in Baghdad.

March 7, 2005
In Baquba, 35 miles northeast of the capital, three separate militant attacks on Iraqi Army checkpoints and convoys kill 12 Iraqi security officers and wound 25.

In Balad, 45 miles north of Baghdad, a suicide bomber drives a truck laden with explosives into the house of an Army officer, kills five civilian bystanders, and wounds 24.

In Baghdad, gunmen open fire on two police patrols, kill one Iraqi officer, and wound another.

March 4, 2005
Gunmen kill Sheik Saad Kamil, a Shiite imam associated with the rebel cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, as he arrived at the Kadmenain Mosque in Baghdad.

March 3, 2005
Two suicide car bombs kill five Iraqi police officers and wound seven outside the main gate of the Iraqi Interior Ministry in Baghdad.

A car bomb kills an Iraqi civilian and wounds 16 others, including five police officers, outside the main police station in Baquba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad.

March 2, 2005
Suicide car bombers kill 13 Iraqi soldiers and wound 30 in two separate attacks in Baghdad.

Gunmen kill a judge and a lawyer with the special tribunal that will try Saddam Hussein and former members of his government outside their family home in Baghdad. The victims, Parwiz Muhammad Mahmoud al-Merani and Aryan Mahmoud al-Merani, were father and son.

March 1, 2005
Seven Iraqi police officers are killed in four separate attacks by militants in and around Baghdad.

February 28, 2005
A car bomb kills 122 people in Hilla, 60 miles south of Baghdad, in the largest single bomb attack since the insurgency began.

February 27, 2005
Iraqi officials announce Syria has captured and handed over a half-brother of Saddam Hussein, Sabawi Ibrahim al-Hassan al-Tikriti, who is accused of playing a leading role in organizing and financing the insurgency in Iraq.

February 25, 2005
A roadside bomb kills three U.S. soldiers and wounds eight in Tarmiya, 20 miles north of Baghdad.

February 24, 2005
A suicide car bomb kills 12 policemen and wounds 29 others at a police station in Tikrit, 110 miles north of Baghdad.

Gunmen kill five Iraqis in two bakeries in southeastern Baghdad.

A roadside bomb kills two Iraqi policemen and wounds three others in Kirkuk.

A suicide car bomb kills two police officers and wounds eight in Iskandariya, 25 miles south of Baghdad.

A roadside bomb kills a U.S. soldier in Qiryat in Diyala province, and an improvised explosive devices kills a U.S. soldier and wound two others near Samarra, 60 miles north of Baghdad.

U.S. forces detain 29 suspected insurgents and seize weapons caches during operations throughout Anbar province, west of Baghdad.

Iraqi national guard troops capture Mohammed Najem Ibrahim, a suspected terrorist cell leader with links to Jordanian militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in Baquba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad.

February 23, 2005
A car bomb kills two passersby and wounds 14 in Mosul.

February 22, 2005
Ibrahim al-Jaafari is chosen by the victorious Shiite alliance as its candidate to become Iraq’s new prime minister.

NATO leaders announce in a joint statement that all 26 members of the alliance will help train Iraq’s new security forces.

Six suicide bombers, including one on a bicycle, kill 39 people and wound about 150 in five separate attacks in and around Baghdad. The attacks are meant to disrupt Ashura, the holiest day in Shiite Islam.

February 18, 2005
A suicide bomber kills 15 and wounds 24 as Shiites celebrate the religious festival of Ashura in a procession to al-Khadimain mosque in southern Baghdad.

A suicide bomber kills two and wounds eight outside the al-Bayaa Shiite mosque in western Baghdad.

A suicide bomber kills two and injures five near a religious procession in a Shiite district in northwestern Baghdad.

A rocket fired in the direction of the Husseiniyat al Thaqilan mosque in northwestern Baghdad hits a coffee shop, kills one Iraqi, and wounds three.

In Karbala, police find the bodies of two kidnapped police officers, both the sons of the chief of police of Najaf, Ghalib al-Jazaeni.

A roadside bomb kills a U.S. soldier and wounds another during a patrol in Tal Afar, west of Mosul.

February 17, 2005
A car bomb kills one U.S. soldier and wounds three in Mosul.

February 14, 2005
One roadside bomb kills a U.S. soldier and wounds three others, and a second kills three Iraqi national guardsmen, both near Baquba, about 35 miles northeast of Baghdad.

A mortar attack kills an Iraqi woman and a 2-year-old girl and wounds seven others in Samarra, 60 miles north of Baghdad.

February 13, 2005
Official results of the January 30 elections for seats in the 275-member National Assembly are announced. The United Iraqi Alliance, a slate backed by Shiite Muslim clergy, receives 48 percent of the vote and is expected to take 140 seats; the Kurdistan Alliance, a coalition of the two main Kurdish factions, earns 26 percent and will likely hold 75 seats; the Iraqi List, headed by interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, gains 14 percent of the vote and is expected to claim 40 seats. Voter turnout is reported at 58 percent.

Gunmen firing from a car kill two high-ranking policemen in Baghdad.

February 12, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills 17 Iraqis at the entrance to a hospital south of Baghdad.

February 11, 2005
A car bomb kills 12 Iraqis and wounds 17 outside a Shiite mosque in Balad Ruz, 45 miles northeast of Baghdad.

A masked gunman kills 10 at a bakery in a Shiite area of Baghdad.

February 10, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills four Iraqis in a public square in central Baghdad.

February 8, 2005
A suicide bomber kills 21 Iraqis and wounds 27 near an Iraqi army recruitment center in central Baghdad.

Gunmen open fire on the convoy of Mithal al-Alousi, the general secretary of the Iraqi Nation Democratic Party, in western Baghdad. Al-Alousi survives, but his two sons and a bodyguard are killed.

February 7, 2005
A suicide car bomb kills 15 civilians and wounds 17 outside the main police headquarters in Baquba, 40 miles northeast of Baghdad.

A suicide bomber kills 13 Iraqis and wounds four inside a hospital compound in Mosul.

February 6, 2005
Gunmen kidnap four Egyptian contractors outside their residence in Baghdad.

Insurgents kill 17 Iraqi policemen and 5 Iraqi national guardsmen in an attack on a police station in Mahawil, 40 miles south of Baghdad. Fourteen of the militants are also killed.

Iraqi security forces disclose the December 20 capture in Beiji, 155 miles north of Baghdad, of Khamis Masin Farhan Ugaydi, a former Saddam Hussein-era army general suspected of financing insurgent bombings and plotting attacks on election targets.

February 3, 2005
Gunmen kill 12 Iraqi soldiers in an ambush near the village of Zab south of Kirkuk.

Insurgents kill five Iraqi policemen and an Iraqi National Guard officer in an ambush on Baghdad’s airport road.

January 31, 2005
U.S. troops shoot dead four Iraqi prisoners during a 45-minute riot involving hundreds of detainees at Camp Bucca, the U.S. military’s main prison camp, near the Kuwaiti border.

January 30, 2005
Iraqis vote for members of provincial parliaments and a 275-member National Assembly, which will write Iraq’s constitution, in the first multiparty elections in more than 50 years. Nine suicide bombers and insurgents firing mortars kill 35 and wound more than 100 in Election Day attacks around the country.

A helicopter crash kills 15 British troops north of Baghdad. The terrorist group Ansar al-Islam claims responsibility.

January 29, 2005
Interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi announces he will extend Iraq’s state of emergency for another 30 days.

January 28, 2005
Iraqi expatriates in 14 countries begin voting in Iraq’s elections.

Interim Deputy Prime Minister Barham Saleh announces the capture of three leading members of the terrorist group headed by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.

January 27, 2005
The militant group led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi posts a video on the Internet showing the fatal shooting of Salem Jaafar al-Kanani, a candidate on Prime Minister Ayad Allawi’s electoral slate in the January 30 elections.

Roadside bombs kill 11 Iraqis and one U.S. Marine in Babil Province, immediately south of Baghdad. Insurgents blow up a Baghdad school slated to serve as a polling center.

January 26, 2005
A Marine helicopter crash kills 31 U.S. troops in a desert sandstorm near Iraq’s border with Jordan.

January 24, 2005
Iraq’s government announces it arrested insurgent leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi’s top lieutenant, Sami Mohammed Ali Said al-Jaaf, January 15. Iraqi officials reportedly blame Al-Jaaf, also known as Abu Omar al-Kurdi, for 75 percent of Baghdad’s car bombings.

January 22, 2005
Eight Chinese construction workers held hostage by insurgents are released.

Iraqi interim Interior Minister Falah al-Naqib announces new security measures for the January 30 elections, including a ban on weapons, restrictions on traffic, and 8 p.m. curfews throughout the country.

January 21, 2005
A car bomb kills 14 Iraqis and wounds 40 outside a Shiite mosque in Baghdad.

January 19, 2005
A suicide car bomber kills 18 people, including 5 Iraqi policemen, and wounds 15 near a police station in eastern Baghdad.

Car bomb attacks kill two Iraqi soldiers and two security guards at an Iraqi military garrison in Baghdad and at a checkpoint on the perimeter of the Baghdad International Airport.

January 18, 2005
Iraqi authorities announce the nation’s borders will be closed for three days, starting January 29, to try to prevent violence during the January 30 elections.

The kidnapped Archbishop Basile Georges Casmousa of Mosul is freed by his captors.

January 17, 2005
Insurgents firing machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades kill seven Iraqi soldiers in Baquba, 40 miles northeast of Baghdad.

Archbishop Basile Georges Casmousa of Mosul, spiritual leader of one of two Catholic dioceses in Iraq, is kidnapped by militants.

Iraqi expatriates in 14 countries begin registering for the January 30 elections.

January 15, 2005
Iraqi terrorist group Ansar al-Sunna claims responsibility for the kidnapping of 15 Iraqi National Guard members, reported missing January 14.

January 14, 2005
Twenty-eight prisoners from Abu Ghraib prison escape while en route to Baghdad for trial.

U.S. Army Specialist Charles Graner Jr. is convicted of abusing Iraqi detainees at Abu Ghraib prison.

January 13, 2005
Four Iraqi police officers and three civilians die when a car bomb detonates outside a Shiite mosque near Baquba, 40 miles northeast of Baghdad.

January 12, 2005
The White House confirms that the search in Iraq for weapons of mass destruction has ended, with no evidence of their existence.

Gunmen kill Mahmoud al-Madaen, a Shiite cleric and senior aide to top Shiite leader Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, in Salman Pak, 21 miles south of Baghdad. His son and four bodyguards are also killed. Another Sistani aide, Halim al-Mohaqeq, is killed in Najaf.

January 9, 2005
An independent commission investigating the United Nations Oil-for-Food Program in Iraq says the organization’s auditors did not monitor the aid effort adequately.

January 8, 2005
A U.S. F-16 fighter plane drops a 500-pound bomb on a building mistakenly believed to be an insurgent safehouse during an attack on militants in Aitha, about 30 miles south of Mosul. The bomb kills 14 Iraqi civilians.

A suicide car bomb attack kills one Iraqi civilian and wounds 20 in Mahaweel, 40 miles south of Baghdad.

Militants kidnap four Iraqi government officials from the central Salahaddin Province south of Baghdad.

Gunmen try to assassinate Majid Atamimi, a local government official and candidate for the national election, outside the governor’s office in Basra. He escapes, but his four bodyguards are killed.

The U.S. military says it has captured Abu Ahmed, a top commander of the Mosul branch of the group led by the Jordanian militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.

January 6, 2005
The bodies of 18 Iraqi Shiites killed in December while seeking work at a U.S. base are found in a field near Mosul.

January 4, 2005
Insurgents assassinate Ali al-Haidari, governor of Baghdad province. He is the highest-ranking official killed since May 2004.

January 3, 2005
A pair of car bombs and a booby-trapped artillery shell kill a dozen Iraqi national guardsmen and police officers in three separate attacks in Baghdad that included a blast near the party headquarters of Prime Minister Ayad Allawi.

January 2, 2005
A suicide car bombing kills 18 Iraqi national guardsmen and one Iraqi civilian in Balad, 45 miles north of Baghdad.