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A Second Chance for the Arab Peace Initiative?

Author: Robert M. Danin, Eni Enrico Mattei Senior Fellow for Middle East and Africa Studies
April 30, 2013
Foreign Policy

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Life rarely gives you second chances. But if handled deftly, the Arab Peace Initiative (API), discussed yesterday at a Blair House meeting between U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and an assembled group of Arab foreign ministers, could help form the basis of a serious reconstituted peace process. The delegation came to Washington under the guise of the Arab Peace Initiative Follow-up Committee -- a group charged with securing acceptance of the API by Israel and others.

The API was proposed over a decade ago by Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah at a 2002 Arab League Summit in Beirut that convened amidst raging Israeli-Palestinian violence. Endorsed by the Arab League, the proposal offered Israel the prospect of peace, security, and normal relations -- a goal Israel has sought since its independence in 1948. In return, the Arabs called on Israel to agree to a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza with East Jerusalem as its capital.

The API failed for three key reasons. First: timing. The day before the Arab League published its plan, Hamas launched a major terrorist attack against at a Passover Seder in an Israeli hotel killing 30 people. With the Second Intifada in full swing, the Israeli army soon reoccupied major Palestinian population centers and the Israeli government rejected the Arab League proposal as a "non-starter."

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