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Article

Labeling Iran's Revolutionary Guard

Authors: Mark Dubowitz and Ray Takeyh
Foreign Affairs

The Donald J. Trump administration would be correct to designate Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a terrorist organization, argues CFR’s Ray Takeyh with Mark Dubowitz. Terrorism has been a defining feature of the IRGC since its inception in 1979, and the power of the IRGC needs to be curbed before the Islamic Republic can be tamed.

See more in Iran; Terrorism

Article

How North Korea Evades UN Sanctions Through International "Front" Companies

Author: Scott A. Snyder
Forbes

North Korean sanctions evasion has largely eviscerated the intent and impact of UN sanctions resolutions designed to block international financial and material support for North Korean nuclear and missile development efforts. Aside from the obvious Chinese loophole, the assassination of Kim Jong Nam has shone a bright light on another major portal for North Korean illicit actions and sanctions evasion: Malaysia.

See more in North Korea; Weapons of Mass Destruction; Sanctions

Event

Civil-Military Relations in the New Administration

Speaker: Janine Davidson
Speaker: Michèle A. Flournoy
Speaker: John M. Paxton Jr.
Presider: Thom Shanker

Experts discuss the role of civil-military relations in the development of military advice; evaluate early changes to the national security system under President Trump; and consider possible reforms to the presidential decision-making process.

See more in United States; Military Leadership

Event

Islam in Europe

Speaker: Conrad Hackett
Speaker: Ed Husain
Speaker: Jocelyne Cesari
Presider: Nick Schifrin

Experts discuss the integration of Islam into greater European culture with the influx of refugees into the European Union, and the rise of far-right politics across the continent.

See more in Europe; Religion

Testimony

Options for U.S. Policy in Venezuela

Author: Shannon K. O'Neil

Shannon K. O’Neil testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, addressing the ongoing crisis in Venezuela and proposing U.S. policy options aimed at combatting the political, economic, social, and humanitarian crises in the country. She called for targeted sanctions against human rights abusers, drug traffickers, and corrupt officials, a concerted effort to rally Venezuela’s South American neighbors in condemning Venezuela’s authoritarianism, and how the United States should prepare to help a new and more receptive Venezuelan government in the future.

See more in Venezuela; Corruption and Bribery; Economics

Testimony

Cyber Strategy and Policy: International Law Dimensions

Author: Matthew C. Waxman

In testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee on March 2, 2017, Matthew C. Waxman addressed some of the international law questions most relevant to cyber threats and U.S. strategy and made recommendations for U.S. leadership in the evolution of related international rules. Waxman argued that even though international law regarding cyber capabilities is not yet settled, existing rules can support a strong cyber defense strategy. Since many of the international law questions depend on specific, case-by-case facts, and are likely to be highly contested for a long time to come, the United States should continue to advance interpretations that support its strategic interests and effectively constrain other states’ behavior.

See more in Global; United States; Cybersecurity; International Law

Article

Turkey and the GCC: Cooperation Amid Diverging Interests

Authors: Steven A. Cook and Hussein Ibish
The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington

Since the ruling Justice and Development Party took power in November 2002, Turkey’s relations with Gulf Arab states have gone through four distinct phases, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. Turkey started out as a good neighbor and problem solver before it made a bid for regional leadership, which led to a period of estrangement and then an uneasy rapprochement today.

See more in Turkey; Regional Security; Diplomacy and Statecraft