Shannon K. O’Neil testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, addressing the ongoing crisis in Venezuela and proposing U.S. policy options aimed at combatting the political, economic, social, and humanitarian crises in the country. She called for targeted sanctions against human rights abusers, drug traffickers, and corrupt officials, a concerted effort to rally Venezuela’s South American neighbors in condemning Venezuela’s authoritarianism, and how the United States should prepare to help a new and more receptive Venezuelan government in the future.
In testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee on March 2, 2017, Matthew C. Waxman addressed some of the international law questions most relevant to cyber threats and U.S. strategy and made recommendations for U.S. leadership in the evolution of related international rules. Waxman argued that even though international law regarding cyber capabilities is not yet settled, existing rules can support a strong cyber defense strategy. Since many of the international law questions depend on specific, case-by-case facts, and are likely to be highly contested for a long time to come, the United States should continue to advance interpretations that support its strategic interests and effectively constrain other states’ behavior.
The separation of powers has spawned a great deal of debate over the roles of the president and Congress in foreign affairs, as well as over the limits on their respective authorities, explains this Backgrounder.
Authors: Steven A. Cook and Hussein Ibish The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington
Since the ruling Justice and Development Party took power in November 2002, Turkey’s relations with Gulf Arab states have gone through four distinct phases, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. Turkey started out as a good neighbor and problem solver before it made a bid for regional leadership, which led to a period of estrangement and then an uneasy rapprochement today.
“I think we all need answers…. I’m not sure the right avenue to take. I am sure, though, that that question needs to be answered.” Those are the words not of Sen. Charles E. Schumer, Tom Perez or any other partisan Democrat but of former President George W. Bush, speaking Monday, and the questions pertain to Russia’s role in trying to rig the 2016 presidential election.
Since the 2008 financial crisis, the conventional wisdom has been that a long, difficult recovery for eurozone economies will eventually lead to strong growth. But this narrative is losing credibility.
The likelihood that a deep state exists in the United States seems far-fetched, argues CFR’s Steven A. Cook. However, as in Egypt and Turkey, Americans are turning to conspiratorial explanations to make sense of the often bewildering turn of events in a highly polarized and charged political environment.
Authors: Thomas J. Bollyky and Petros C. Mavroidis Journal of International Economic Law
Global value chains have changed the way that the world trades. The World Trade Organization (WTO) should embrace the confluence of shared social preferences and trade, where it may exist such as digital trade, food and drug safety, and climate smart-agriculture, as a motivation for advancing international regulatory cooperation. To do that, changes to the corporate governance of the WTO are needed to facilitate the use of plurilateral agreements and to multilateralize progress already occurring bilaterally and regionally.
Though Saudi Arabia will remain a strategic partner for the United States, they have proven themselves to be incompetent allies, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. If recent years are any indication, much of Saudi foreign policy has proven to be a failure.
Speaker: Joshua W. Busby Speaker: David Michel Presider: Paul B. Stares
As part of the Center for Preventive Action's Flashpoint Roundtable Meeting Series, Joshua Busby, associate professor of public affairs at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, and David Michel, nonresident fellow at the Stimson Center, discuss global water issues and their effect on U.S. national security.
Experts discuss U.S. policy options toward Russia including continued sanctions, possible cooperation with Russia in Syria, and responding to increased tensions surrounding the ongoing conflict in Ukraine.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2016 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »