Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation

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How does the nuclear deal with Iran affect Hezbollah and its regional influence?

Asked by Ahmad Takouche
Author: Mira Rapp-Hooper

It is not clear how the interim Geneva agreement between Iran and the P5+1 powers will affect Iran's relationship with Lebanon-based Hezbollah or Hezbollah's regional influence. According to the IAEA's most recent report, Iran's stockpile of medium-enriched uranium has decreased substantially from its prior levels, suggesting that Iran is implementing the Geneva agreement, at least for the time being. One could certainly argue that if Iran continues to comply with the deal and forecloses its nuclear option, it will no longer be able to easily project influence with the threat of nuclear weapons acquisition or a latent nuclear capability. By this logic, Iran may choose to rely more heavily on Hezbollah to make its presence felt throughout the region. This is certainly a concern of other Gulf States, who fear that the nuclear deal does not address the threat that proxy groups may pose to their regimes.

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Should the United States push Israel to join the Non Proliferation Treaty?

Asked by Gaurav Moghe, from India

The United States tried to convince Israel to join the Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) when the treaty was first introduced and before it was widely believed that Israel had nuclear weapons. The NPT's objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology and further the goal of universal disarmament.

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Do North Korea’s nuclear capabilities give it a voice that cannot be ignored?

Asked by Yu Bum Kim, from New York University

Some argue that the best way to restrain North Korea is to strengthen sanctions, principally by putting more pressure on China to reduce its trade with North Korea. Others advocate a diplomatic approach and argue that engagement, not escalation, would be more effective. What all parties need to remember is that actions speak louder than words.

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What should U.S. policy toward Iran be in order to prevent further development of its nuclear program?

Asked by Aaron Marks, from Staten Island, New York

Since the discovery of illicit Iranian nuclear facilities in 2002, the United States has sought to mobilize an international coalition to address the Iranian nuclear challenge through various coercions and incentives. UN member states agree that Iran is entitled to a civilian nuclear program for purposes of energy generation, but they require assurances that such a program is not going to be misused for military purposes.

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Audio

North Korea, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Regional Security in Northeast Asia

Speakers: Stephen W. Bosworth and Han Sung-Joo
Presider: Richard C. Bush III

Stephen Bosworth of Tufts University and Korea University's Han Sung-Joo join Richard Bush of the Center for East Asia Policy Studies to discuss the history of nuclear negotiations with North Korea and outline the potential policy options going forward.

See more in North Korea; Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation; Regional Security

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Foreign Affairs media call on Iran negotiations with Elliott Abrams, Suzanne Maloney, and George Perkovich

Speakers: Elliott Abrams, Suzanne Maloney, and George Perkovich
Presider: Gideon Rose

Three contributors to the Foreign Affairs ebook Iran and the Bomb 2: A New Hope—CFR Senior Fellow Elliott Abrams, Brookings Institution Senior Fellow Suzanne Maloney, and Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Vice President George Perkovich—discuss the negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 over Iran's nuclear program, including the debate about potential U.S. sanctions against Iran.

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Audio

Iran: The Nuclear Challenge (Audio)

Presider: Robert D. Blackwill
Panelists: Elliott Abrams, Robert M. Danin, and Richard A. Falkenrath

A panel discussion marking the release of CFR's new ebook, Iran: The Nuclear Challenge. The essays in this volume, all authored by fellows in CFR's David Rockefeller Studies Program and edited by Robert Blackwill, inform readers on how, not what, to think about Iran's nuclear activities.

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Audio

Next Steps in U.S. and Russian Nuclear Cooperation (Audio)

Speakers: Rose E. Gottemoeller, Steven Pifer, and Micah Zenko
Presider: Clifford A. Kupchan

Following U.S. ratification of the New START arms control treaty with Russia, Rose E. Gottemoeller, Steven Pifer, and Micah Zenko discuss the next steps in U.S. and Russian nuclear cooperation, in particular with regard to missile defense cooperation and the new "123 Agreement."

See more in Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation; Russian Federation; United States

Audio

Global Security Institutions: The Nonproliferation Regime (Audio)

Speakers: Nobuyasu Abe, Graham T. Allison, and Abdul S. Minty
Presider: Alexander T.J. Lennon

A panel of experts debate the future of the nonproliferation regime as a global security institution.

This session is part of a Council on Foreign Relations symposium on Rising Powers and Global Institutions in the Twenty-First Century and was made possible through generous support from the Robina Foundation.

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Audio

Academic Conference Call: Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime (Audio)

Speaker: Charles D. Ferguson
Presider: Irina A. Faskianos

Listen to Charles D. Ferguson, the Philip D. Reed senior fellow for science and technology at CFR, discuss U.S. nuclear weapons policy and strengthening the nonproliferation regime with students as part of CFR's Academic Conference Call series.

Learn more about CFR's Academic Initiative.

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U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy: Report of a CFR-Sponsored Independent Task Force (Audio)

Speakers: William J. Perry and Brent Scowcroft
Presider: Jackson Diehl

Listen to the co-chairs of the CFR-sponsored independent task force on U.S. nuclear weapons policy outline their recommendations on how to ensure the safety, security, and reliability of the U.S. deterrent nuclear force, prevent nuclear terrorism and strengthen the nuclear nonproliferation regime.

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Strengthening the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime (Audio)

Speakers: Charles D. Ferguson, Christopher A. Ford, and Paul Lettow
Presider: Henry Sokolski

Listen to experts analyze current nuclear nonproliferation agreements, as well as how to address the nuclear ambitions of countries such as India and Iran.

This session was part of the CFR conference: The United States and the Future of Global Governance, which was made possible through the generous support of the Robina Foundation.

See more in Global; Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation; Global Governance