Counterterrorism

Op-Ed

The U.S. Government Should Pay Anonymous in Bitcoin to Fight ISIS

Author: Emerson Brooking
Foreign Policy

Writing in Foreign Policy, Emerson Brooking argues that, given ISIS’ strategically significant use of social media for recruiting and messaging, any comprehensive plan to defeat the terror network must also neutralize its online presence. He proposes the creation of a bounty system that would pay hacktivists in anonymized Bitcoin to flag ISIS social media accounts and disrupt its websites. 

See more in United States; Cybersecurity; Counterterrorism

Foreign Affairs Article

More Small Wars

Author: Max Boot

Although the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq are far from the costliest the United States has ever fought in terms of either blood or treasure, they have exacted a much greater toll than the relatively bloodless wars Americans had gotten used to fighting in the 1990s.

See more in United States; Counterterrorism

Op-Ed

Turkey Has Been Consistent, Just Not in Line With U.S.

Author: Steven A. Cook
New York Times

When it comes to the fight against ISIS, the United States and Turkey are finding it difficult to cooperate because both have different goals, says CFR’s Steven Cook. While the United States is more focused on defeating ISIS, Turkey is more concerned with suppressing Kurdish nationalism, preventing the Syrian conflict from spilling over into Turkey, and bringing about regime change in Damascus.

See more in Turkey; Counterterrorism

Audio

Media Conference Call on the Threat of Foreign Fighters (Audio)

Speakers: Jytte Klausen and Jeremy Shapiro
Presider: Gideon Rose

Listen to Foreign Affairs contributors Jeremy Shapiro, former member of the U.S. State Department's policy planning staff and current fellow at the Brookings Institution, and Jytte Klausen, founder of the Western Jihadism Project, discuss the threat that foreign fighters returning from Iraq, Syria, and elsewhere pose to their home countries.

See more in Syria; Counterterrorism

Op-Ed

The Shape- Shifting Coalition

Author: Micah Zenko
ForeignPolicy.com

The U.S.-led coalition to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) includes fifty-five states, nine of which have taken part in military operations or stated their willingness to do so. However, over time, CPA's Micah Zenko argues, these commitments will diminish as the mission shifts, resources dwindle, and national support decreases, just as was the case in the Iraq War and 2011 intervention in Libya.

See more in Syria; Iraq; Counterterrorism; Military Operations

Primary Sources

UN Security Council Resolution 2178 on Threats to International Peace and Security Caused by Terrorist Acts

On September 24, 2014, all fifteen UN Security Council member states passed a resolution, that prevents suspected foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) from traveling to member states and creates legislation to prosecute FTFs. The resolution defines foreign terrorist fighters as "individuals who travel to a State other than their States of residence or nationality for the purpose of the perpetration, planning, or preparation of, or participation in, terrorist acts or the providing or receiving of terrorist training, including in connection with armed conflict."

See more in Global; Havens for Terrorism; Counterterrorism

Primary Sources

Final Communique from International Conference on Peace and Security in Iraq

The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs hosted delegations from twenty-six countries to support Iraq in its efforts to eliminate the terrorist group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The final communique, released September 15, 2014, acknowledged the newly formed government in Iraq and agreed to provide military assistance and to implementing UN Security Council resolutions regarding violations of human rights, recruitment and radicalization of terrorists, and terrorist financing.

See more in Iraq; Terrorist Organizations and Networks; Counterterrorism