Primary Sources

Executive Order: Developing an Integrated Strategic Counterterrorism Communications Initiative

President Obama issued this executive order on September 9, 2011. Among its provisions, it calls for a new body, the Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications, to "coordinate, orient, and inform Government-wide public communications activities directed at audiences abroad and targeted against violent extremists and terrorist organizations, especially al-Qa'ida and its affiliates and adherents, with the goal of using communication tools to reduce radicalization by terrorists and extremist violence and terrorism that threaten the interests and national security of the United States."

See more in Counterterrorism; United States


Unilaterally Assured Destruction

Authors: Barry Pavel and Matthew H. Kroenig
Foreign Policy

Barry Pavel and Matthew Kroenig argue that while a deterrence approach holds great potential for helping to thwart future al Qaeda attacks, it remains a poorly understood and underutilized element of U.S. counterterrorism strategy.

See more in Counterterrorism; United States; 9/11 Impact