Courts and Tribunals

Primary Sources

Iraqi Special Tribunal: Rules of Procedure and Evidence

Approved by Iraqi Special Tribunal (IST) judges and published October 18, 2005 in the Iraqi official gazette (Alwaqai Aliraqiya), these Rules, in addition to the Rules of Procedure of the Iraqi Criminal Code from 1971, guided the IST's proceedings in the trial of Saddam Hussein. Note: "The English translation of the Index summarizes the content of the Rules of Procedure and Collection of Evidence annexed to Iraqi Law Number 10 of 2005."

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Primary Sources

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

The Rome Statute established the International Criminal Court as a “permanent institution that shall have the power to exercise its jurisdiction over persons for the most serious crimes of international concern.”  It was adopted on July 17, 1998 and entered into force on July 1, 2002. The statute's Elements of Crime was updated in 2010 to aid the ICC in interpreting crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

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Other Report

Toward an International Criminal Court?

Authors: Ruth Wedgwood, Anne-Marie Slaughter, John R. Bolton, and Kenneth Roth

Backed by strong international support, the formation of a permanent International Criminal Court (ICC) will soon replace the use of ad hoc tribunals such as those for Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The United States, originally a proponent of the ICC treaty negotiated in Rome in 1998, now stands with the small minority opposing the ICC. With the court likely to come into existence, the terms of U.S. participation in the treaty are now a vital question.

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