Backed by strong international support, the formation of a permanent International Criminal Court (ICC) will soon replace the use of ad hoc tribunals such as those for Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The United States, originally a proponent of the ICC treaty negotiated in Rome in 1998, now stands with the small minority opposing the ICC. With the court likely to come into existence, the terms of U.S. participation in the treaty are now a vital question.
Podcast: A veteran reporter discusses a war crimes tribunal trying members of Cambodia's Khmer Rouge regime.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) published this policy paper in June 2014 to provide guidance in prosecuting "various forms of sexual and gender-based crimes — including rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilisation, and other forms of sexual violence — as underlying acts of both crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in international and non-international armed conflicts."
The Charter of the International Military Tribunal, also known as the the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal, was signed in London on August 8, 1945.
The International Criminal Court provides this fact sheet on current situations and cases.
John Bellinger III, Legal Adviser to the U.S. Secretary of State, gave these remarks at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy on November 14, 2008.
The UNHCR website states, "Adopted on the 1 July 2008, the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights merges the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights and the Court of Justice of the African Union into one single court (Article 2). The Protocol, thus, replaces the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (adopted in 1998) and the Protocol of the Court of Justice of the African Union (adopted in 2003) (Article 1). The Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights is contained in the annex to the Protocol."
John Bellinger, legal advisor to the US Secretary of State, gave these remarks to the DePaul University College of Law in Chicago, IL on April 25, 2008.
Approved by Iraqi Special Tribunal (IST) judges and published October 18, 2005 in the Iraqi official gazette (Alwaqai Aliraqiya), these Rules, in addition to the Rules of Procedure of the Iraqi Criminal Code from 1971, guided the IST's proceedings in the trial of Saddam Hussein. Note: "The English translation of the Index summarizes the content of the Rules of Procedure and Collection of Evidence annexed to Iraqi Law Number 10 of 2005."
The UN Security Council decided through this resolution of March 31, 2005 to “refer the situation prevailing in Darfur since 1 July 2002 to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court”.
The Protocol of the Court of Justice of the African Union was adopted by the African Union at it's assembly in Maputo on July 11, 2003.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
Smith's insightful book explores the policy issues testing the Japanese government as it tries to navigate its relationship with an advancing China. More
This revolutionary new look at volatility and crisis in oil markets explores the conditions in which oil supply fears arise, gain popularity, and eventually wane. More
Maximalist finds lessons in the past that anticipate and clarify our chaotic present, revealing the history of U.S. foreign policy in an unexpected new light. More
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass.
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