Courts and Tribunals

Primary Sources

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

The Rome Statute established the International Criminal Court as a “permanent institution that shall have the power to exercise its jurisdiction over persons for the most serious crimes of international concern.”  It was adopted on July 17, 1998 and entered into force on July 1, 2002. The statute's Elements of Crime was updated in 2010 to aid the ICC in interpreting crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

See more in Global; Courts and Tribunals

Primary Sources

UN Security Council Resolution 827, ICTY

UN Security Council Resolution 827 was adopted on May 25, 1993. It established the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (full name: International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991).

See more in Yugoslavia; Courts and Tribunals


The Synthesis of Law and Politics and the Evolution of International Justice

Speakers: John B. Bellinger III and David J. Scheffer
Presider: Jeffrey Toobin

Ambassador David Scheffer and former State Department legal adviser John Bellinger discuss how international justice over the last two decades has affected international politics, including the U.S. role in assisting local war crimes prosecutions in Libya and elsewhere.

See more in United States; Courts and Tribunals; Libya


Pursuing International Justice: A Conversation with Luis Moreno-Ocampo

Speaker: Luis Moreno-Ocampo
Presider: Stephen M. Schwebel

Recently, ICC Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo expressed plans to investigate alleged crimes against humanity during post-election violence in Kenya, and is considering an investigation of alleged war crimes during the 2008 Gaza War. To date, situations in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, and Darfur have been referred to the ICC. Please join Luis Moreno-Ocampo to discuss these issues, case selection, and the foreign policy implications of the ICC's work.

See more in Courts and Tribunals; Human Rights; Global


The Use Of Force And Accountability In International Law: A U.S. Perspective

Speakers: John Bellinger, Matthew C. Waxman, and David J. Scheffer

Do current trends in international law threaten U.S. sovereignty? What international legal or normative restraints on the use of force should the United States accept and promote? What should be the place of international law in U.S. jurisprudence? What attitude should the United States take toward the International Criminal Court?

See more in Courts and Tribunals; Global