Courts and Tribunals

Primary Sources

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

The Rome Statute established the International Criminal Court as a “permanent institution that shall have the power to exercise its jurisdiction over persons for the most serious crimes of international concern.”  It was adopted on July 17, 1998 and entered into force on July 1, 2002. The statute's Elements of Crime was updated in 2010 to aid the ICC in interpreting crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

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Other Report

Toward an International Criminal Court?

Authors: Ruth Wedgwood, Anne-Marie Slaughter, John R. Bolton, and Kenneth Roth

Backed by strong international support, the formation of a permanent International Criminal Court (ICC) will soon replace the use of ad hoc tribunals such as those for Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The United States, originally a proponent of the ICC treaty negotiated in Rome in 1998, now stands with the small minority opposing the ICC. With the court likely to come into existence, the terms of U.S. participation in the treaty are now a vital question.

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Primary Sources

UN Security Council Resolution 827, ICTY

UN Security Council Resolution 827 was adopted on May 25, 1993. It established the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (full name: International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991).

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