Courts and Tribunals

Other Report

Toward an International Criminal Court?

Authors: Ruth Wedgwood, Anne-Marie Slaughter, John R. Bolton, and Kenneth Roth

Backed by strong international support, the formation of a permanent International Criminal Court (ICC) will soon replace the use of ad hoc tribunals such as those for Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The United States, originally a proponent of the ICC treaty negotiated in Rome in 1998, now stands with the small minority opposing the ICC. With the court likely to come into existence, the terms of U.S. participation in the treaty are now a vital question.

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Primary Sources

UN Security Council Resolution 827, ICTY

UN Security Council Resolution 827 was adopted on May 25, 1993. It established the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (full name: International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991).

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The Synthesis of Law and Politics and the Evolution of International Justice

Ambassador David Scheffer and former State Department legal adviser John Bellinger will discuss how international justice over the last two decades has affected international politics, including the U.S. role in assisting local war crimes prosecutions in Libya and elsewhere.

Related readings:
Regime Trials Belong in Libya's Courts by John B. Bellinger III
Partners in Preventive Action: The United States and International Institutions, A Council Special Report

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