Adam Segal and Matthew C. Waxman discuss the London Conference on Cyberspace and argue that progress toward a vision of cybersecurity and freedom will be incremental and achieved through multiple arrangements between state and private actors rather than through a global accord.
Adam Segal argues that while Washington must engage Beijing in discussions about the rules of the road of cyberspace, more important will be efforts to work with allies and close friends in defining international norms of behavior.
CFR Senior Fellow Adam Segal argues that the United States should shape rules for the virtual world through informal multilateralism rather than formal negotiations, reaching out to allies and other powers, as well as private corporations and nongovernmental organizations.
U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel delivered these remarks at the First Plenary Session (Saturday, June 1, 2013) of the International Institute for Strategic Studies' Asia Security Summit (Shangri-la Dialogue) in Singapore.
In 2009 the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Center of Excellence (NATO CCD COE) asked a panel of international law experts to "apply standards of international law to a virtual battlefield." The panel released this report on March 28, 2013, as "an expression of opinions of a group of independent experts acting solely in their personal capacity."
President Barack Obama ordered on February 12, 2013 that the U.S. government work with "owners and operators of critical infrastructure" to share information about cyber threats and attacks and to implement common cybersecurity standards.
The UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Draft Resolution 20/7: Promotion of Activities Relating to Combating Cybercrime, Including Technical Assistance and Capacity-building was adopted in April 2011.
The Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe's Convention on Cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems, was adopted in Strasbourg, France on January 28, 2003.
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