Defense and Security

Primary Sources

Framework for P5+1 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran's Nuclear Program

In November 2013, the P5+1 (the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Russia, and China, facilitated by the European Union) and Iran released a Joint Plan of Action (JPOA), which required Iran to stop developing its nuclear capabilities and in return P5+1 would reduce economic sanctions. In March 2015, the P5+1 met again with Iran in Lausanne, Switzerland and on April 2, 2015, released a joint statement on Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The framework lays out the parameters for the final text of the plan, which is due June 30, 2015.

See more in Iran; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Op-Ed

What's Unusual About Today's 'Dual-Use' Technologies?

Author: Samuel C. Hinote
Cicero Magazine

Whether it’s finding our way around with the help of a GPS, sending large files through e-mail, or flying across the country, we all benefit from technologies that were originally developed for military use. Our lives would be very different without inventions such as the Global Positioning System, network packeting, and the jet engine. These “dual-use” technologies have proven to be winners in both military and commercial contexts—they help us to fight better and live better. As we look to the future, we will undoubtedly see many more of these technologies emerge. The predominant path for their development, however, is changing in a profound way.

See more in Global; Technology and Science; Defense Technology

Primary Sources

Statement by the Vice President on the March 9 Letter From Republican Senators to the Islamic Republic of Iran

Author: Joseph R. Biden Jr.

Vice President Joseph Biden wrote a response to the May 9, 2015 letter from Republican Senators to Iran, which stated that Congress had to approve international agreements related to Iran's nuclear program. Vice President Biden responded that international negotiations and diplomacy often take place outside of congressional approval.

See more in Iran; United States; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament