Defense Budget

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CSIS: Trends in European Defense Spending, 2001-2006

Authors: Wan-Jung Chao, Gregory Sanders, and Guy Ben-Ari

Since 2001, Europe finds itself increasingly involved in international military operations. In light of this upsurge in military preparations and deployments, the Center for Strategic & International Studies created this report to track trends in European defense spending. Ultimately, if government spending is an indicator of the priority given to policy areas, understanding trends in defense spending can shed light on whether Europe is indeed serious about improving its military capabilities.

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National Journal: Al Qaeda Strikes Back

Author: George C. Wilson

Writing in the National Journal, defense specialist George C Wilson considers two key defense budget documents – the “National Defense Estimates,” known to Department of Defense (DOD) budget analysts as “the Greenbook,” and the “Selected Acquisition Reports,” the DOD-released estimates of past and future weapons costs – to conclude that the US government is spending more money in real terms on the Iraq war than was spent on the Vietnam war, despite the deployed military force being only one quarter the size of that used in Vietnam.

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ArmyTimes: Limited Transparency on the Costs of the Global War on Terror

Author: William Matthews

The US Army Times reports comments from the acting Pentagon inspector general, that army spending on contractors is out of control: speaking before the Senate Armed Services subcommittee on readiness the inspector said that procurement laws are routinely violated, "price reasonableness," competitive awards and contractor oversight are abandoned, and millions of dollars are wasted.

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CQ: White House Line on War Cost Called Too Low

This analysis in the Congressional Quarterly points out that three independent assessments place the cost of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, plus anti-terrorism activities, at amounts in excess of the Bush administration’s figures. The difference ranges from $16 billion in the estimate of the Government Accountability Office to $18 billion in the view of the Congressional Budget Office to $23 billion in the estimate of the Congressional Research Service.

See more in Iraq; Defense Budget

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Washington Institute: Iran's Doctrine of Asymmetric Naval Warfare

Author: Fariborz Haghshenass

This Washington Institute paper outlines how for more than a decade, Iran has lavished a considerable share of its defense budget on its naval forces (which consist of both regular and Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps units), believing that the Persian Gulf will be its front line in the event of a confrontation with the United States. Following a naval war-fighting doctrine that suits its revolutionary ethos, Iran has developed innovative, asymmetric naval warfare tactics that exploit its favorable geographic situation, build on its strengths, and target the vulnerabilities of its enemies.

See more in Iran; Defense Strategy; Defense Budget

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European Defence - Myth or Reality?

The text of a speech delivered at London’s Chatham House on October 02, 2006, by Constanze Stelzenmuller of the German Marshall Fund of the United States about the future of European defence. Stelzenmuller argues that the perception that a common EU defence policy is unworkable is based on myths that undermine pragmatic integration of defence policies.

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AEI: Are We Ready for the Next 9/11? The Sorry State—and Stunning Waste—of Homeland Security Spending

Author: Veronique de Rugy

Since September 11, Congress has appropriated nearly $180 billion to protect Americans from terrorism. Total spending on homeland security in 2006 will be at least $50 billion—roughly $450 per American household. But far from making us more secure, the money is being allocated like so much pork.

See more in Defense Budget; Preparedness; Homeland Security