The sixth summit of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) countries met in Fortaleza, Brazil, on July 15, 2014. The theme of discussions was "Inclusive Growth: Sustainable Solutions" and the declaration detailed progress in establishing the BRICS's New Development Bank, which was first discussed in the 2013 Durban Joint Statement.
Following the release of her report on the status of women in Afghanistan, Catherine Powell moderates a discussion with Open Society Foundations' Rachel Reid and the U.S. Department of Defense's David Sedney on the role the United States can play in extending the progress of Afghan in women in education, the economy, health care, and beyond.
From 1991 to 1992, the Japanese government conducted research about the trafficking of sex slaves (known as "comfort women") in Japan during World War II. The study established the Asian Women's Fund, which worked in Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, and Indonesia to redress victims. On June 20, 2014, more details were released about information exchanged between Japan and South Korea during the study and about Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono's statement which acknowledged the involvement of the Japanese military in establishing "comfort stations."
A. Michael Spence urges China's leaders to be steady-handed and sensible in their foreign policy and domestic reform agendas so as to maintain the kind of economic stability necessary for complex structural changes to work their way through the Chinese economy with minimal disruption.
Catherine Powell argues that the advances made by Afghan women since the 2001 U.S.-led intervention remain fragile. She recommends that the United States bolster gender equality before the drawdown is complete and continue working with Afghanistan to maintain these gains in the future.
Curbing child marriage has become increasingly important to the global development discussion, but it has yet to become central to the discussion about security and stability. Senior Fellow Gayle Tzemach Lemmon reviews child marriage trends in fragile countries affected by natural disasters and/or armed conflict, and offers policy recommendation on how the United States can ensure that girls and women are still able to reach their full potential even in times of social instability and insecurity.
Despite headlines about cruel acts of violence and discrimination against women, Isobel Coleman discusses the changing status of women and girls and argues that women and girls have made significant and undeniable gains over the past few decades.
IMF Director Christine Lagarde gave the keynote speech at the Africa Rising conference in Mozambique on May 29, 2014. She discussed demographic, technological, and environmental challenges to growth, and policy priorities.
Speakers: Ann Bernstein and John Campbell Presider: Isobel Coleman
Isobel Coleman hosts Ann Bernstein, executive director of the Centre for Development and Enterprise in South Africa, and John Campbell, Ralph Bunche Senior Fellow for Africa Policy Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, for a discussion on how democracy can achieve inclusive growth in developing countries.
Speakers: Rodger Voorhies and Christopher Blattman Presider: Gideon Rose
Rodger Voorhies, Director of the Financial Services for the Poor Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and Christopher Blattman, Assistant Professor of political science and international affairs at Columbia University discuss how mobile finance and direct cash grants are revolutionizing global efforts to provide aid and alleviate poverty in the developing world.
Gayle Tzemach Lemmon moderates a conversation with Nike Foundation's Shaifali Puri and ICRW's Suzanne Petroni about how the private, public, and nonprofit sectors can partner to promote equal educational and economic opportunities for girls and women and in doing so, unleash the untapped potential of human capital.
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Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Koblentz argues that the United States should work with other nuclear-armed states to manage threats to nuclear stability in the near term and establish processes for multilateral arms control efforts over the longer term.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2014 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »