The Turkish authorities have blamed the self-declared Islamic State for the attack on a peace rally in Ankara that took the lives of more than 100 people, though others in Turkey are not so sure. Critics of the dominant Justice and Development Party (A.K.P.), and some victims say the violence is more likely the work of either the government itself or the so-called deep state, designed to destabilize Turkey in a way that undermines Kurdish political goals and the A.K.P.’s efforts to transform Turkish politics.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, and South Korean President Park Geun-hye met in Seoul on November 1, 2015, for the Sixth Trilateral Summit, the first since 2012. The trilateral talks were proposed by South Korea in 2004 as a meeting outside of ASEAN to build cooperation on economic, humanitarian, security, and diplomatic issues. The first summit was held in Japan in 2008.
Katherine Marshall discusses the role of women of faith in peacebuilding, focusing on the challenges and opportunities of strengthening women’s abilities to work for peace in both religious and secular capacities.
Farida Shaheed, United Nations special rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, and Ellen Chesler, senior fellow at the Roosevelt Institute, highlight their collaboration, Women and Girls Rising:Progress and Resistance Around the World, an anthology released this year that documents the modern history of the global women's movement.
When the Berlin-based group Transparency International released its annual ranking of international corruption levels in December 2014, China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs responded with a blistering statement.
The seventieth session of the United Nations General Assembly was held September 28 through October 3, 2015. U.S. President Barack Obama, Chinese President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, and Cuban President Raúl Castro Ruz were among the speakers of the September 28 session and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko spoke on September 29. Speeches discussed the conflict in Syria, the terrorism of the self-proclaimed Islamic State, economic development, and territorial disputes.
The UN’s sweeping new development agenda aims to “provide the overarching narrative” of sustainable growth for the next fifteen years, yet critics say the Sustainable Development goals are broad, unfocused, and unrealistic.
U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jingping met September 25, 2015, to discuss both countries' previous commitments to combat climate change in preparation for the Paris Climate Conference from November 30-December 11, 2015. They also discussed trade and investment initiatives and cyberespionage.
There is a troubling lack of women in the world of foreign-policy making. Micah Zenko and Amelia M. Wolf discuss the consequences of inherent biases against women’s empowerment in the government, think-tanks, and media, and what can be done to combat those biases.
Pope Francis spoke before a joint session of Congress on September 24, 2015, the first time a pope has spoken to Congress. He discussed immigration, poverty, and care for the environment, quoting parts of his encyclical released in June 2015.
Ever since 9/11, the United States has provided Pakistan with a steady supply of security and nonsecurity assistance. U.S. officials have justified these generous transfers—worth more than $30 billion since 2002—on the grounds that they secure Pakistan’s ongoing cooperation in Afghanistan, bolster Pakistan’s ability to fight terrorism, and give the U.S. government influence over the country’s ever-expanding nuclear weapons program.
The authors argue that the United States has responded inadequately to the rise of Chinese power and recommend placing less strategic emphasis on the goal of integrating China into the international system and more on balancing China's rise.
Campbell evaluates the implications of the Boko Haram insurgency and recommends that the United States support Nigerian efforts to address the drivers of Boko Haram, such as poverty and corruption, and to foster stronger ties with Nigerian civil society.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2015 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »