Development

Op-Ed

Autocracy Generates Fear About Secret Powers

Author: Steven A. Cook
New York Times

The Turkish authorities have blamed the self-declared Islamic State for the attack on a peace rally in Ankara that took the lives of more than 100 people, though others in Turkey are not so sure. Critics of the dominant Justice and Development Party (A.K.P.), and some victims say the violence is more likely the work of either the government itself or the so-called deep state, designed to destabilize Turkey in a way that undermines Kurdish political goals and the A.K.P.’s efforts to transform Turkish politics.

See more in Turkey; Congresses, Parliaments, National Legislatures; Corruption and Bribery

Primary Sources

Joint Declaration for Peace and Cooperation in Northeast Asia

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, and South Korean President Park Geun-hye met in Seoul on November 1, 2015, for the Sixth Trilateral Summit, the first since 2012. The trilateral talks were proposed by South Korea in 2004 as a meeting outside of ASEAN to build cooperation on economic, humanitarian, security, and diplomatic issues. The first summit was held in Japan in 2008.

See more in Asia and Pacific; Regional Security; Emerging Markets

Event

Women, Religion, and Peace

Speaker: Katherine Marshall
Presider: Irina Faskianos

Katherine Marshall discusses the role of women of faith in peacebuilding, focusing on the challenges and opportunities of strengthening women’s abilities to work for peace in both religious and secular capacities.

See more in Global; Religion; Women

Event

Beijing at Twenty: Assessing Global Progress for Women and Girls After the 1995 UN Fourth World Conference on Women

Speaker: Ellen Chelser
Speaker: Farida Shaheed
Speaker: Rachel Vogelstein

Farida Shaheed, United Nations special rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, and Ellen Chesler, senior fellow at the Roosevelt Institute, highlight their collaboration, Women and Girls Rising: Progress and Resistance Around the World, an anthology released this year that documents the modern history of the global women's movement.

See more in China; Global; Women

Research Links

Gender

Research Links on gender include news, background, data, organizations, economics, development, conflict, rights and more. 

See more in Global; Women

Primary Sources

UN General Assembly 2015: Select Speeches

The seventieth session of the United Nations General Assembly was held September 28 through October 3, 2015. U.S. President Barack Obama, Chinese President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, and Cuban President Raúl Castro Ruz were among the speakers of the September 28 session and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko spoke on September 29. Speeches discussed the conflict in Syria, the terrorism of the self-proclaimed Islamic State, economic development, and territorial disputes.

See more in Global; Regional Security; Economic Development

Primary Sources

Remarks by U.S. President Obama and Chinese President Xi in Joint Press Conference

U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jingping met September 25, 2015, to discuss both countries' previous commitments to combat climate change in preparation for the Paris Climate Conference from November 30-December 11, 2015. They also discussed trade and investment initiatives and cyberespionage.

See more in China; United States; Climate Change; Foreign Direct Investment

Foreign Affairs Article

An Unworthy Ally

Authors: C. Christine Fair and Sumit Ganguly

Ever since 9/11, the United States has provided Pakistan with a steady supply of security and nonsecurity assistance. U.S. officials have justified these generous transfers—worth more than $30 billion since 2002—on the grounds that they secure Pakistan’s ongoing cooperation in Afghanistan, bolster Pakistan’s ability to fight terrorism, and give the U.S. government influence over the country’s ever-expanding nuclear weapons program. 

See more in Pakistan; Foreign Aid