Development

Primary Sources

UN Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea: Somalia, 2013

The UN Security Council's Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea submitted this report on July 12, 2013, pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea and in accordance with paragraph 13 (m) of Security Council resolution 2060 (2012). These resolutions address how the UN Security Council will monitor peace and security efforts in the region and report on violations such as trading arms and charcoal or funding terrorist organizations.

See more in Somalia; Fragile or Failed States; Sanctions

Ask CFR Experts

Is an oppressive government better than anarchy?

Asked by Raveena

Both tyranny and anarchy are bad political options for a country. The political theorist Thomas Hobbes, looking at the ravages of anarchy during England's civil war in the 17th century, famously concluded that life without government was terrible because "there is no place for Industry; because the fruit thereof is uncertain; and consequently no Culture of the Earth; no Navigation, nor use of the commodities that may be imported by Sea; no commodious Building; … no Arts; no Letters; no Society; and which is worst of all, continuall feare, and danger of violent death; and the life of man, [is] solitary, poore, nasty, brutish, and short."

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See more in Fragile or Failed States; Regime Changes

News Release

U.S. Education Slipping in Ranks Worldwide, Earns Poor Grades on CFR Scorecard

The U.S. education system is not as internationally competitive as it used to be; in fact, the United States has slipped ten spots in both high school and college graduation rates over the past three decades, according to a new report and scorecard from the Council on Foreign Relations' Renewing America initiative, which examines the domestic foundations of U.S. power. U.S. national security is directly linked to issues such as education because shortcomings among American workers threaten the country's ability to compete with other countries and set a compelling example internationally.

See more in United States; Education

Ask CFR Experts

What are the costs and benefits of China's relationship with North Korea?

Asked by Garrett Smith, from Stanford University

Chinese officials see stability on the Korean peninsula under the Korean Armistice as a component that has enabled China's growth for over three decades. Despite a growing difference between the economic systems of China and North Korea, China's communist party leadership feels an affinity with North Korea because its government, like China's, pursues one-party leadership under a socialist banner.

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See more in China; North Korea; Foreign Aid

Audio

Child Marriage and U.S. Foreign Policy

Speakers: Geeta Rao Gupta and Mary Robinson
Presider: Rachel B. Vogelstein

Mary Robinson and Geeta Rao Gupta discuss the Council on Foreign Relations report, Ending Child Marriage: How Elevating the Status of Girls Advances U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives. In the report, author Rachel B. Vogelstein argues that ending child marriage is not only a moral obligation, but a strategic imperative that will further U.S. foreign policy interests in development, stability, and the rule of law.

See more in Women

Video

Child Marriage and U.S. Foreign Policy

Speakers: Geeta Rao Gupta and Mary Robinson
Presider: Rachel B. Vogelstein

Mary Robinson and Geeta Rao Gupta discuss the Council on Foreign Relations report, Ending Child Marriage: How Elevating the Status of Girls Advances U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives. In the report, author Rachel B. Vogelstein argues that ending child marriage is not only a moral obligation--it is a strategic imperative that will further critical U.S. foreign policy interests in development, prosperity, stability, and the rule of law.

See more in Women

Audio

The Rest Leapfrogging the West: How Rising Incomes and Technological Innovation Are Driving Financial Inclusion in Emerging Markets

Speakers: Robert Annibale and Shamshad Akhtar
Presider: Isobel Coleman

Isobel Coleman hosts Robert Annibale, Global Director of Microfinance, Citigroup, and Shamshad Akhtar, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, for a discussion about how to reach the two billion people who do not have access to formal financial services.

This roundtable was generously supported by the Center for Financial Conclusion at Accion, which is leading the Financial Inclusion 2020 Campaign.

See more in Global; Emerging Markets; Innovation