Since its founding in 1944, the World Bank has evolved from a lender focused on European reconstruction into the preeminent international institution for economicdevelopment and poverty reduction. This Backgrounder examines the Bank's history and role.
Jerome A. Cohen looks at various types of incommunicado detention in China, and discusses what Bo Xilai could face under "shuanggui," a widely feared internal disciplinary action that is outside the reach of Chinese law.
International trade and finance analyst Rebecca M. Nelson offers an overview of multilateral development banks and outlines the issues they present for the United States Congress in this Congressional Research Service report.
As the world's oldest regional body, the Organization of American States has served as a platform for cooperation, but ideological polarization among its members and criticisms of the organization's institutional weakness have raised doubts about its ability to remain relevant.
An examination of the World Bank's evolution as a global health actor and Jim Yong Kim's career in public health raises questions about how he would handle the role of president, writes CFR's Laurie Garrett.
This document outlines the salient features of the changing landscape and their implications for multilateral development institutions, and discusses how the World Bank Group contributes to the establishment of modernized multilateralism and identifies priority areas that will shape its focus in the coming years.
The National Assembly of Pakistan passed the resolution on April 12, 2012 and revised it on December 2012. The guidelines include policy on Pakistani airspace and territory and unmanned aerial vehicle (drones).
The UN deadline has passed for what is likely a failed cease-fire in Syria. Expert Tamara Cofman Wittes says the Assad regime is only engaging diplomatically to buy time, and more international pressure is needed, especially from Russia.
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala puts forward three major challenges--creating jobs, investing in the human capital of the poor, and building institutions--that she expects to pursue if chosen to lead the World Bank.
"Flanked by the coca-producing countries of the Andes and the world's leading consumer of illegal drugs—the United States—Central America is a strategic choke point for illicit trade," writes Michael Shifter, president of Inter-American Dialogue, in a Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Special Report, Countering Criminal Violence in Central America.
The author assesses the causes and consequences of the violence faced by several Central American countries and examines the national, regional, and international efforts intended to curb its worst effects.
Robert W. Merry explores why Egypt, Russia, and the UAE have had problems with American NGOs. Merry regards the matter as a foreign policy issue, deserving more attention than what it is getting in American discourse.
The UN's Political Declaration and Action Plan against Money Laundering was adopted on June 10, 1998 at the Twentieth Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly devoted to "countering the world drug problem together".
The interactive Global Governance Monitor tracks, maps, and evaluates multilateral efforts to address today's global challenges.
CFR Experts Guide
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.