Emerging Markets

Must Read

GMF: Romania, Bulgaria, and the EU's Future

Author: Robin Shepherd

Romania and Bulgaria have entered a European Union that has stalled at a crossroads, says this commentary from the German Marshall Fund of the United States. The paper discusses the various ways the new EU members will influence policymaking in the EU.

See more in Emerging Markets

Foreign Affairs Article

Hands Off Hedge Funds

Author: Sebastian Mallaby

The massive growth of hedge funds has sparked warnings of instability and demands that the industry be regulated. But the fear of hedge funds is overblown, based on a misunderstanding of their role in the international financial system. In reality, hedge funds do not increase risk; they manage it -- and policymakers, rather than clamping down, should make sure hedge funds have the tools to perform this function well.

See more in Emerging Markets


The Bridge to a Global Middle Class

A thought-provoking retrospective that culls the views of economists, international financial institutions, Wall Street, organized labor, and various public-interest organizations on how to fortify the U.S. global financial infrastructure. The effort is the culmination of an eighteen-month study that sought to encourage the evolution of middle-class-oriented economic development in emerging-market countries.

See more in United States; Economic Development; Emerging Markets

Other Report

The Paradox of Free Market Democracy: Indonesia and the Problems Facing Neoliberal Reform (A CFR Paper)

Author: Amy L. Chua

This paper situates the recent problems in Indonesia in a more general framework that is called the paradox of free-market democracy. The basic thesis advanced is as follows. In Indonesia, as in many developing countries, class and ethnicity overlap in a distinctive and potentially explosive way: namely, in the form of a starkly economically dominant ethnic minority--here, the Sino-Indonesians.

See more in Emerging Markets; Indonesia

Other Report

Korea's Comeback: The Thirst for Funds Drives (A CFR Paper)

Author: Hilton Root

Six years ago, Korea was in trouble. Its banking system, inadequately supervised,collapsed. Industry,lac king financial discipline,expanded unproductively with its "too big to fail" private firms crowding out smaller rivals. Labor market rigidity weakened the competitive position of Korean industry. The financial crisis that resulted gave rise to hopes that significant reform would address all three dimensions of Korea's vulnerability.

See more in Emerging Markets; North Korea; Financial Crises

Other Report

Building the Financial Infrastructure for Middle Class Emerging Economies (A CFR Paper)

Author: Jane D'Arista

The export-led growth model for emerging economies is driven by their need to service external debt and build foreign exchange reserves. It has foundered in the aftermath of financial crises characterized by collapsing currency and asset values, widespread bankruptcies in real and financial sectors, rising unemployment, and negative growth rates. This report addresses the issue of building the financial infrastructure for emerging middle-class economies.

See more in Emerging Markets

Other Report

Private Capital Flows, Emerging Economies and International Financial Architecture (A CFR Paper)

Author: Glenn Yago

This report suggests that the control of capital in the developed world continues to shift away from private and state-owned institutions and toward public markets. Thereore, small and medium-sized firms with the best prospects for innovation and income/wealth generation need to be liberated from their dependence upon bank-based financial systems. They must also have the ability to turn to market-based systems with access to institutional capital providers at home and abroad.

See more in International Finance; Emerging Markets


South Korea, Poland, and Turkey: Three Emerging Market Success Stories Look to Sustain Their Growth

Speaker: Steven Cook
Speaker: Marcus Noland
Speaker: Mitchell Orenstein
Presider: Gideon Rose

Emerging economies have boomed over the past decade, but many have recently seen their currencies come under pressure. With a potential currency crisis looming, CFR's Steven A. Cook, Marcus Noland of the Petersen Institute for International Economics, and Mitchell Orenstein of Northeastern University take an in-depth look at three emerging market success stories in a conversation with Foreign Affairs editor Gideon Rose.

See more in South Korea; Turkey; Emerging Markets


Challenges and Opportunities in Africa: A Conversation with Nicky Oppenheimer

Speaker: Nicky Oppenheimer
Presider: Teresa Clarke

Join Nicky Oppenheimer as he discusses some of the lessons and opportunities for Africa that have arisen from the global economic crisis, including how business contributes to sustainable development, the importance of international trade and flows of real investment in building diversified and sustainable economies, and the importance of effective African participation in international and multilateral institutions.

See more in Economic Development; Emerging Markets; Africa (sub-Saharan)