This paper argues that traditional practices of border control are doomed to fail. Absent reform, we can expect a significant rise within the United States and throughout the Caribbean Basin of customs and immigration violations, corruption, organized crime, weapons and drugs smuggling, and terrorism. What is needed is an approach that focuses on regulating the regional transportation and logistics networks at large vice one that continues to rely primarily on inspections at individual national points of entry.
RAND looks at the cost-benefit analysis of attempting to scan 100% of containers coming through U.S. ports. 100 percent scanning is cost-effective only if the attack damages or likelihood of an attack are quite high. Furthermore, unless scanning technologies improve significantly, additional land and labor transaction costs could render adoption infeasible.
Leading U.S. policy experts have identified energy and climate change as issues vital to economic and national security. CFR's research, meetings, interviews, backgrounders, and interactive content provide an essential source of analysis on these issues.
The authors assess the political, security, and economic challenges facing U.S. policymakers in Afghanistan and evaluate a range of policy options.
Special operations play a critical role in how the United States confronts irregular threats, but to have long-term strategic impact, the author argues, numerous shortfalls must be addressed.
The story of the tragic and often tormented relationship between the United States and Pakistan, and a call to prepare for the worst, aim for the best, and avoid past mistakes. More
An authoritative and accessible look at what countries must do to build durable and prosperous democracies—and what the United States and others can do to help. More
A groundbreaking analysis of what the changes in American energy mean for the economy, national security, and the environment. More